The comprehensive framework for law-based governance is an essential requirement to guarantee the realization of Chinese path to modernization. In his report to the 20th Communist Party of China (CPC) National Congress, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee clearly pointed out that a comprehensive framework for law-based governance has taken shape in China.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, China has taken the rule of law as the basic way of governance and has continuously improved the theory of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics in the new era while promoting the healthy development of undertakings on all fronts in accordance with the rule of law.
With the formulation and issuance of three key documents, namely the plan on building the rule of law in China, the outline on promoting the building of a rule of law government, and the outline on promoting the building of a law-based market supervision (“one plan and two outlines”), China has taken a long view by designing the overall blueprint and establishing the framework for all the works involved in promoting law-based governance on all fronts of the rule of law.
The “one plan and two outlines” constitutes a development strategy for delivering the three essential components in law-based governance and setting out a comprehensive framework for law-based governance.
As the guidelines for building a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics in the new era, “science-based legislation, strict law enforcement, impartial justice and universal compliance with the law” that was clearly put forward in the report of the 18th CPC National Congress lays down a solid foundation for comprehensive law-based governance, and plays a fundamental role in the formation of the comprehensive framework for law-based governance.
After long-term efforts, the comprehensive framework for law-based governance now covers the work arrangement in the four aspects of legislation, law enforcement, judiciary and legal compliance by the public.
Besides, the comprehensive framework for law-based governance highlights that ruling the country in accordance with the Constitution is the core; science-based legislation is the premise; strict law enforcement is the key; impartial justice constitutes the line of defense; law-abiding by all people is the foundation; law-based governance offers guarantee of protection; and the spirit and culture of rule of law is the soul.
All of these provide a solid basis to conclude that the historic achievements of building the rule of law in China in the new era and to put forward the hypothesis that “a comprehensive framework for law-based governance has taken shape.”