zk1516455.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

Commission file number 333-100979

MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
27-0016420
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
28 West Grand Avenue, Suite 3, Montvale, NJ 07645
(Address of principal executive offices)         (Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (201) 225-0190
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
Common Stock, par value $0.001
Warrants (expiring April 23, 2018)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Nasdaq Capital Market
Nasdaq Capital Market
  
Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act:
None

(Title of class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   
 
Yes o    No x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   
 
Yes o    No x
 
 
 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
 
Yes x    No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 

Yes x    No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this
 
Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).   
 
Yes o    No x

The aggregate market value of the common stock, $0.001 par value, or Common Stock, of the registrant held by non-affiliates, as of June 30, 2014 was approximately $13,744,695 based on a per share price of $4.25, the price at which the Common Stock was last sold as of June 30, 2014.

As of March 30, 2015, there were 5,856,246 shares of the issuer’s Common Stock outstanding.
 
 
 

 
INDEX
 
PART I
 
 
3
 
16
 
22
 
22
 
23
 
23
 
PART II
 
 
23
 
25
 
33
 
33
 
33
 
33
 
33
 
34
 
PART III
 
 
34
 
39
 
42
 
44
 
44
 
PART IV
 
 
45
 
 
 

 
 
Unless the context provides otherwise, all references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year  ended December 31, 2014, or this Annual Report, to “Micronet Enertec,” “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” the “Registrant” or similar terms, refer to  Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc., together with our wholly-owned subsidiaries and Micronet (as defined below). Unless otherwise noted, all references to “dollars” or “$” are to United States dollars and all references to “NIS” are to New Israeli Shekels. Our website address is included several times in this Annual Report as a textual reference only and the information in any such website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report.
 
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
The statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. Such forward-looking statements may be identified by, among other things, the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “intends,” “plans” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” or “anticipates” or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology, and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We remind readers that forward-looking statements are merely predictions and therefore inherently subject to uncertainties and other factors and involve known and unknown risks that could cause the actual results, performance, levels of activity, or our achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance, levels of activity, or our achievements, or industry results, expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements appear in Item 1 – “Business” and Item 7 – “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as elsewhere in this Annual Report and include, among other statements, statements regarding the following:
 
·
Demand for our products as well as future growth, either through internal efforts, development of new products, potential segments and markets or through acquisitions;
 
·
Leveraging our experience and other assets we possess to enhance Enertec’s (as defined below) product offerings;
 
·
 
·
Integration of the vehicle business operation we acquired from Beijer (as defined below) in 2014;
 
Levels of research and development costs in the future;
 
·
Continuing control of at least a majority of Micronet’s share capital;
 
·
The organic and non-organic growth of our business;
   
·
Our financing needs; and
 
·
The sufficiency of our capital resources.
 
The factors discussed herein, including those risks described in Item 1A. “Risk Factors,” and expressed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission could cause actual results and developments to be materially different from those expressed in or implied by such statements. The forward-looking statements are made only as of the date of this filing, and except as required by law we undertake no obligation to publicly update such forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.
 
 
2

 

PART I
 
Business.
 
We were formed as a Delaware corporation on January 31, 2002. On March 14, 2013, we changed our corporate name from Lapis Technologies, Inc. to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc. The Company’s shares have been traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market, or NASDAQ, since April 29, 2013.
 
We operate primarily through two Israel-based companies, Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd, or Enertec, our wholly-owned subsidiary, and Micronet Ltd, or Micronet, in which we have a controlling interest, which  develop, manufacture, integrate and globally market rugged computers, tablets and computer-based systems and instruments for the commercial, defense and aerospace markets. Our products, solutions and services are designed to perform in severe environments and battlefield conditions.

Micronet is publicly-traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange, or TASE, and operates in the growing commercial mobile resource management, or MRM, market and is a global developer, manufacturer and provider of mobile computing platforms, designed for integration into fleet management and mobile workforce management solutions. As further described in this Annual Report, in June 2014, Micronet expanded its MRM business and operations in the U.S. market through the acquisition of Beijer Electronics Inc., or Beijer, a U.S.-based vehicle business and operations located in Utah, and as a result added to its business U.S.-based facilities which include manufacturing and technical support infrastructure, sales and marketing capabilities as well as expanded its U.S. customer base and presence with local fleets and local MRM service providers. As a result of this recent acquisition, Micronet currently operates via its Israeli and U.S. facilities, the first located in Azur, Israel, near Tel Aviv, and the second located in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Micronet designs, develops, manufactures and sells rugged mobile computing devices that provide fleet operators and field workforces with mobile computing solutions in challenging work environments. Micronet’s vehicle cabin installed and portable tablets are designed to increase workforce productivity, enhance corporate efficiency and customer service by offering computing power and communication capabilities. Micronet products provide fleet operators with visibility into vehicle location, fuel usage, speed and mileage and allow for the installation of software applications and communication integration.  This enables the users to manage the drivers in various aspects such as: driver identification, reporting hours worked, customer/organization working procedures and protocols, route management and navigation based on tasks and time schedule. End users may also receive real time messages for various services such as pickup and delivery, repair and maintenance, status reports, alerts, notices relating to start and ending of work, digital forms, issuing and printing of invoices and payments.
 
Micronet’s customers consist primarily of Application Service Providers, or ASPs, and solution providers specializing in the MRM market. These companies sell Micronet’s products as part of their MRM systems and solutions. Currently, Micronet does not sell directly to end users. Micronet customers are generally MRM solution and service providers, ASP providers in the transportation market, including student transportation (yellow busses) and fleet and field management systems for constructions and heavy equipment. Micronet products are used by customers in over 20 countries. The United States currently constitutes its largest market, representing approximately 85% and 88% of revenue for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2014, Micronet’s three largest customers, including Trimble Group, represented approximately 29%, 19% and 14% of Micronet’s revenues, respectively, and 19%, 12% and 10% of the Company’s total revenues, respectively. During 2014, no other customer accounted for more than 10% of Micronet’s revenue.

In May 2014, Micronet entered into an asset purchase agreement with Beijer, pursuant to which, on June 2, 2014, Micronet acquired certain assets and liabilities of the Beijer’s U.S. vehicle business and operations related to the supply of panels to various transportation segments, or the Vehicle Operations, including all related intellectual property,  product rights, production files, customer base, sales and marketing network, sales leads and initiatives, technical support operation and all related agreements and certain inventory.  As part of the transaction, the Mobile Resource Management/Fleet Management, or MRM/FM, division employees joined Micronet to ensure a successful continuous operation and growth of the Company. In consideration for the purchased assets, Micronet paid approximately $7.1 million to Beijer. Upon the closing of the transaction, Micronet incorporated a wholly-owned U.S.-based subsidiary in the state of Utah under the name Micronet Inc., through which the purchased business is conducted. The purchased Vehicle Operations and the purchased MRM/FM division expand and complement the Micronet product line in the field of commercial mobile resource management and offer additional products. The combined business currently offers the MRM market and mainly the North America market comprehensive product lines targeting different market segments including the largest and fastest growing local fleets, as well as long haul, heavy equipment and workforce field verticals. Micronet has consolidated its marketing and sales efforts taking advantage of the superior product offerings and the market demand. The acquisition strengthens Micronet’s focus on the U.S. market, broadens its customer base and expands its operations into new verticals. The acquisition also has diversified the Company’s customer base and improved the infrastructure necessary to support our future growth.
 
3

 

Enertec operates in the defense and aerospace markets and designs, develops, manufactures and supplies various customized military computer-based systems, simulators, automatic test equipment and electronic instruments. Enertec’s solutions and systems are designed according to major aerospace integrators’ requirements and market technological needs and are integrated by them into critical systems such as command and control, missile fire control, maintenance of military aircraft and missiles for use by the Israeli Air Force, Israeli Navy and by foreign defense entities.

Approximately 82% and 74% of Enertec’s revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were from independent business units or groups within Israeli Aerospace Industries Ltd., or IAI, the leading Israeli defense system integrator, and approximately 7% and 19%, respectively, were from business units of Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd., or Rafael, another Israeli government-owned major defense developer and integrator of critical weapon systems. We believe that these leading Israeli systems integrators (which consist of various and distinct business units or groups, each of which is a different potential customer) diversify our business, markets and revenue streams. The system integrators that are our primary customers market their solutions throughout the world and across the full spectrum of military applications (land, sea and air). Command and control systems represented approximately 45% and 67% of Enertec’s revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and our automated test equipment represented approximately 55% and 33% of Enertec’s revenues for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Management believes that the demand for our products, systems and solutions is not affected significantly by fluctuations in any particular geographic market outside the State of Israel because our products, systems and solutions can be tailored to fit the needs of these different disciplines and are not limited to any specific geographic region.

In May 2013, we formed our joint venture with Amtek Defense Technologies Limited, or Amtek, a leading Indian industrial group, to market, manufacture and sell our systems and solutions in India based on Enertec’s technological and engineering capabilities. We currently hold 26% of the share capital of the joint venture. Although we believe that a joint venture is the correct platform to sell to the Indian market, we are currently re-assessing and reevaluating our position with respect to the joint venture and the Indian market.

Our overall strategy focuses on continued internal growth through diligent efforts in our traditional growing markets with new technologies and innovative systems and products, as well as the development of new potential segments and markets. To enhance our growth, we also look for appropriate acquisitions to complement and expand our offerings, as well as support our goals and increase our competitive strengths. Currently, we concentrate the majority of our resources, including our marketing and sales efforts, in the United States and, Israeli and European markets.

Subsidiaries
 
We have two primary operating subsidiaries. We are the sole owner of Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd, an Israeli corporation, or Enertec. We also have a controlling interest in Micronet. Both Enertec and Micronet are held via our wholly-owned holding company Enertec Electronics Ltd, or Enertec Electronics, which operate the following businesses:
 
 
4

 
 
 
·
Enertec, which operates in the defense and aerospace markets and designs, develops, manufactures and supplies various customized military computer-based systems, simulators, automatic test equipment and electronic instruments. In March 2011, Enertec became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Enertec Management Ltd., a private Israeli company, wholly owned by Enertec Electronics.

 
·
Micronet, an Israel-based manufacturer and developer of rugged computers, tablets and computer based systems in which we hold a controlling interest. We currently own 62.5% of Micronet’s outstanding common shares and 62.3% on a fully diluted basis. As described above, in June 2014, Micronet completed the acquisition of Beijer’s MRM U.S.-based operations and business into its newly-formed wholly owned U.S. subsidiary operating under the name Micronet Inc. Micronet maintains marketing and sales operations in the United States.
 
Enertec
 
Enertec operates in the defense and aerospace markets. It designs, develops and manufactures computer based instruments and aerospace electronic solutions designed to operate in severe environments and battlefield conditions, primarily for military use in air, space land and sea. Enertec’s products are grouped into three material product lines: computer-based command and control systems, automatic test equipment and power supplies. The command and control systems are integrated in mission critical air defense missiles and other weapon systems and are designed to operate in severe environments. The automatic test equipment line includes a variety of test systems and simulators that test and assure combat readiness of aircraft and missiles. The power supplies are uniquely designed to support our systems and are also supporting our customers as stand-alone solutions. Enertec’s solutions and systems are tailored to customers’ specifications and are, or are integrated into, critical weapon systems. Among our main solutions are:
 
            ·      ruggedized portable command and control systems;
 
            ·      command and control stations;
 
            ·      fire control systems for missiles;
 
            ·      military aircraft support systems; and
 
            ·      missile simulators and missiles defense related embedded / integrated systems.
 
Enertec holds high security clearance in Israel for the most sensitive defense programs. Our solutions and systems are marketed mainly by the leading Israeli defense industries (system integrators) and are used by the Israeli defense forces specifically by the Israeli Air Force and Israeli Navy as well as by other foreign defense entities served by our customers. Enertec is registered as a Single Site quality management system in conformance with ISO 9001: 2008 and AS9100-C, the international standards for quality assurance and quality design. These standards are important to customers that order custom-made products and  are made up of a combination of quality system requirements.
 
Enertec generates revenue mostly through funded development, which involves the development of a small number of products, systems or solutions for evaluation. Thereafter, we anticipate moving to the production phase and generating revenue through direct sales from the mass production of its developed product. Enertec generates additional revenue from the customization and upgrades to its products.
 
New products
 
In addition to our traditional systems and products, we have been developing new systems, solutions and products in the following areas: (1) operationally resilient computers integrated into various weapon systems, (2) missile launch platforms, (3) command and control systems, (4) missiles communications systems, (5) generic testers for military equipment and (6) power distributer units for robotic application (air, sea and land). These systems and products utilize advanced know-how developed by Enertec’s trained and highly-skilled technical personnel. During 2014, we focused our development resources and solution capabilities in the missile defense area and accordingly, received a significant order in this area of business. Management believes that Enertec’s know-how, capabilities and expertise will enable us to further increase our product offerings to existing and other customers’ strategic projects in space land, air and sea.
 
5

 

Market conditions
 
The defense market, in which we operate through Enertec, includes the design and manufacturing of electronic systems developed to enhance large-scale military land, airborne and seaborne tactical platforms. These systems include operational resilient military computer based systems, simulators, automatic test equipment and electronic instruments that are used or integrated in critical weapon systems such as command and control systems, missile fire control systems, support military aircraft systems and other defense systems and equipment such as night visions systems, unmanned aerial vehicle, or UAV, systems, laser products, airborne photography measures, processing and display of data systems and communications systems. In the Israeli defense market, Israeli providers supply a significant portion of their products to the Israeli defense forces specifically in view of the continuing defense needs of the State of Israel. However, the Israeli defense industry is also a well-respected exporter of its products to armies and defense forces worldwide and such international markets provide for stable demand for military and defense products. 

We expect a continuing demand in the missile defense niche based on the increasing and growing use by defense forces around the world in various missiles systems in different sectors such as self-defense missile systems, guided unmanned weapon systems, attack (air, sea and land) missiles and other missile systems. In view of the continuing defense trends to rely on missiles and missile defense systems as a significant factor in the defense strategy of armed forces worldwide, the global missile and missile defense system market is expected to continue to grow, according to the Global Missiles and Missile Defense Systems Market 2014-2024 report, published by Strategic Defense Intelligence on October 28, 2014. Cumulatively, the markets for missiles and missile defense systems are likely to account for the highest proportion of spending in the global missile and missile defense systems market.

We believe that we are currently well positioned with our proprietary know-how, capabilities and expertise in missile systems technologies to meet the expected demand, and expect this segment of the market to continue to be a major contributor to our business growth in the coming years.
 
Marketing strategies
 
Our sales and marketing efforts are focused on developing new business opportunities as well as generating follow-on sales from our existing customers. Our sales efforts in view of our products,  solutions and services are generated primarily through our internal sales team, although we also retain third-party global selling agents from time to time. Various members of our senior management also serve as effective sales representatives who contribute to the generation of military and corporate business due to their long-standing customer relationships with leading industry integrators and knowledge of our customers’ mission-critical technologies, requirements and needed solutions. We continue to explore various Israeli and international business partnerships to increase our sales and market penetration. We actively participate in trade shows involving technology and electronics defense operations.  Additionally, our business development efforts include our website, preparation and distribution of marketing materials, advertising directed toward the defense and homeland security market and product demonstrations.
 
Our strategy is to anticipate the needs of our clients, the relevant demand and needs in our market niches, to make investments in research and development (including developing know-how, capable manpower) and initiate the development of those products and solutions that we believe will meet the market and customers’ needs best. By doing so, we shorten our time to market, improve our market position from a technology perspective, and gain an edge on our competition. Furthermore, we have been able to identify those current and potential clients that we believe are likely to place large orders, and we focus our attention on developing our relationship with them. When successful, we are in an excellent position to offer both basic and advanced, sophisticated products enabling us to expand our relationship with these clients and resulting in additional revenue streams. In these cases, deepening our relationship with our clients creates the opportunity to incorporate our solutions into our customers’ core components and critical systems.
 
6

 

By continuously diversifying into new and more complex products and fully scaled systems, we have been able to set Enertec apart from its competition. We also continue to increase our suite of custom products based on our proprietary designs and technologies. These products are core components of several long-term military programs spearheaded by our customers, which historically have expected purchase lifecycles over periods of up to 10 years. In 2014 we were recognized as a certified supplier for the U.S. Department of Defense and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization alliance countries. We are currently in the midst of our marketing and sales efforts to promote our product offerings with major U.S. defense organizations.

Since we expect a continuing demand for our products and solutions in the missile defense niche based on the increasing threats and demand for proper solutions in this market segment as described above, we are continuing to concentrate research, development and marketing efforts in this market segment. We believe we are well positioned to transform such knowledge into revenues. We expect this segment to continue to be an important, stable and material contributing activity in our overall business in the coming years.

Customers
 
Enertec’s customers are primarily leading Israeli defense system integrators. The system integrators’ customers are the Israeli Ministry of Defense and other ministries of defense worldwide. The balance of our sales is made directly to the Israeli defense and armed forces (mainly the IDF) that place direct orders.
 
As of December 31, 2014, approximately 89% of our annual revenues were from independent business units or groups within Rafael and the IAI, the two leading Israeli defense system integrators, as compared to 92% at December 31, 2013. These leading Israeli system integrators (which consist of various and distinct business units or groups, each of which is a different potential customer) create diversity to our business, markets and revenue streams.
 
The system integrators that are our primary customers market their solutions throughout the world and across the full spectrum of military applications (land, sea and air). Management believes that the demand for our products, systems and solutions is not affected significantly by fluctuations in any particular geographic market outside the State of Israel because our products, systems and solutions can be tailored to fit the needs of these different disciplines and are not limited to any specific geographic region.
 
Backlog
 
As of December 31, 2014, Enertec had a backlog of orders for our systems, products and services in the amount of approximately $8.1 million (including $1.8 million in framework orders, which are orders that can be exercised from time to time but are an obligation of ours for the entire amount). As of December 31, 2013, Enertec had a backlog of orders for our systems, products and services in the amount of approximately $10.7 million (including $2.3 million in framework orders).

Competition
 
The defense market in which we operate through Enertec is fractured, intensely competitive and our main competition comes from customers’ internal development and manufacturing divisions and a number of relatively small private Israeli companies that specialize in electronic systems. This intensely competitive market is characterized by rapidly changing technologies, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and changes in customer requirements. In order to maintain our competitive strength, we must continue to develop and introduce on a timely and cost-effective basis, new products and product features which are in line with the technological developments and emerging industry standards.

Suppliers
 
Our suppliers are diversified, and we are not dependent upon a limited number of suppliers for essential raw materials, components, services or other items. In order for us to maintain the standards required by our customers, we require that our suppliers be well-established, with facilities and manufacturing capabilities that comply with our relevant standards. Although we are not dependent on any one supplier, disruptions in normal business arrangements due to the loss of one or a few suppliers could adversely affect us. Disruptions also may be experienced if our existing suppliers are no longer able to meet our requirements or if there is an industry shortage of electronic or mechanical components. Not only could these disruptions limit our production capacity, but also, if there is a shortage of components, such disruption could result in higher costs. The raw materials we use are either electronic components purchased from suppliers, or mechanical components primarily manufactured by local subcontractors.
 
7

 
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2014, we had approximately 83 full-time employees at Enertec and 4 full-time employees at Enertec Electronics. Of these employees, 69 are employed in engineering and manufacturing positions, and the remainder are employed in sales, management and administrative positions. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining agreement, and we have never experienced a work stoppage. We believe we have good relations with our employees.
 
Israeli labor laws and regulations apply to all employees based in Israel. The laws principally cover  matters such as paid vacation, paid sick days, length of the workday, payment for overtime and severance payments upon the retirement or death of an employee or termination of employment under specified circumstances. The severance payments may be funded, in whole or in part, through a managers’ insurance fund or a pension fund. The payments to the managers’ insurance fund or pension fund toward severance amount to 8.3% of wages. Furthermore, Israeli employees and employers are required to pay predetermined sums to the National Insurance Institute of Israel. Since January 1, 1995, these amounts also include payments for health insurance. The payments to the National Insurance Institute amount to approximately 13.4% of wages, of which the employee contributes 61% and the employer contributes 39%.

Research and development expenditures
 
Research and development costs totaled approximately $419,000 and $528,000 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively, which equates to approximately 4% and 5% of Enertec’s revenues during these years, respectively. These expenditures have adequately satisfied our research and development requirements. We are using our engineering resources to research and design new technologies, products and solutions that we expect to implement into the new projects and large military programs of our core customers.
 
Seasonal aspects of our business
 
The sales of military products and solutions experience seasonal variations because the Israeli Ministry of Defense frequently delays project approvals until near the end of the fiscal year. Therefore, new orders to the military suppliers, including Enertec, are delayed until the second half of the year. In addition, some of our customers require increased deliveries during the last weeks of the year in order to fulfill contractual delivery obligations to their own customers. As a result, we often experience an increase in our fourth quarter sales relative to sales in other quarters.

Intellectual property
 
Although we are not dependent on patents or trademark protection with regard to Enertec’s business and do not expect to be at any time in the future, proprietary rights and unique know-how are important to Enertec’s business because its ability to remain competitive in the market is dependent to a significant degree on its proprietary solutions and the technologies on which they are based. Enertec develops systems, products and solutions for its clients on a “work for hire” basis. Although, Enertec does not claim any rights in the products or services that it provides, its proprietary modules and subsystems play an integral and significant part in the development of the solutions, systems, products and services that it ultimately delivers. To protect its proprietary rights in these modules and subsystems, Enertec primarily relies on a combination of copyright and trade secret laws, internal knowledge and know-how, technological innovations and agreements with third parties, such as license agreements. In addition, Enertec employs internal controls such as the use of confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements. Enertec believes its proprietary technology incorporates processes, know-how, methods, algorithms, hardware and software that are the result of more than ten years of experience resulting in in-house expertise and thus are not easily copied. Further, most of the production process is performed in-house with the exception of certain components that are manufactured by subcontractors. This limited outsourcing process allows Enertec to maintain the majority of its proprietary information and know-how within the Company and lowers its exposure to the risk of its technology solutions being copied or used by any third parties.
 
8

 
 
Enertec’s management, together with its research and development team, closely and continuously monitors the technological developments in the market. Enertec considers and evaluates on an ad hoc basis whether technology and proprietary assets should be acquired through independent in-house development or through the purchase of patent or other technology licenses.
 
Regulation
 
Enertec’s electronic products must comply with the Underwriters Laboratories, or UL standards of the United States and the Conformité Européenne, or CE, standards of Europe to be eligible for sale in the respective countries subject to these standards. Each system must be tested, qualified and labeled under the relevant standards. This is a complicated and expensive process and once completed, the approved product may not be altered for sale.

Micronet
 
Micronet currently operates via its Israeli and U.S. facilities, the first located in Azur, Israel, near Tel Aviv, and the latter located in Salt Lake City, Utah, from which Micronet Inc., operates. Micronet operates in the MRM market as a global developer, manufacturer and provider of mobile computing platforms, designed for integration into fleet management and mobile workforce management solutions. Micronet designs, develops, manufactures and sells rugged mobile computing devices (tablets) that provide fleet operators and field workforces with computing solutions in challenging work environments. Micronet’s vehicle cabin installed and portable tablets are design to increase workforce productivity, enhance corporate efficiency and customer service by offering computing power and communication capabilities. The Micronet products provide fleet operators among other things, with visibility into vehicle location, fuel usage, speed and mileage and allow the installation of software applications and communication integration enabling the users to manage the drivers in various aspects such as: driver identification, hours working report, customer/organization working procedures and protocols, rout management and navigation based on tasks and time schedule. End user may also receive real time messages for various services such as pickup and delivery, repair and maintenance, status reports, alerts, notices relating to start and ending of work, digital forms, issuing and printing of invoices and payments.
 
Micronet conducts its sales and support activities mainly through its U.S.-based facilities. Micronet’s customers are leading international MRM solution and service providers. Micronet maintains an in-house research and development staff and operates an ISO 9001-2008 certified manufacturing facility. During the past years, with the exception of certain components purchased from subcontractors, Micronet has been manufacturing its products and solutions using its own facilities, capabilities and resources, which enable it to control and manage the manufacturing process. Micronet combines more than 30 years of experience in the industry with strong technical capabilities to provide a broad range of products and solutions that have met the rigorous standards of our customers.
 
Micronet’s ruggedized mobile computing devices are designed and manufactured to fit the special requirements of the MRM market, enabling customers to operate in challenging work environments, such as extreme temperatures, repeated vibrations or dirty and wet or dusty conditions. Micronet’s products, in conjunction with available third-party mobile applications solutions, provide fleet operators with real-time visibility into vehicle location, fuel usage, speed and mileage, as well as other insights into their mobile workface, reducing operating and capital costs while increasing revenue. Micronet’s products are used in and/or targeted to a wide range of MRM industry sectors, including:
 
·
haulage and distribution, which includes short- and long- haul trucking and distribution servicing of urban retail and wholesale needs, such as delivery of packages, parts and similar items;
 
 
9

 
 
·
public transport, which refers mainly to buses, para-transit, taxis and limousine services;
 
·
construction, which refers to vehicle fleets that are involved in the construction industry such as cement trucks and heavy equipment;
 
·
service industries, which include insurance companies, rental car companies and other companies operating large mobile service force of technicians, installers and similar personnel;
 
·
municipalities, which include waste management and field workers such as public works; and
 
·
public safety services, which includes fire departments, ambulances, police and forestry.
 
Micronet’s products are fully programmable and provide customers with the operational flexibility to customize such products for their ongoing needs via a comprehensive development tool kit package that enables them to develop independently and support their own industry-specific applications and solutions.

Micronet’s strategy is to continue to leverage its market position in the U.S. and European markets, to become a market leader for MRM products and services.
 
Recent developments
 
In June 2014, Micronet expanded its MRM business and operations in the U.S. market through the acquisition of the Vehicle Operations located in Utah, and as a result added to its business local U.S.-based facilities which include manufacturing and technical support infrastructure, sales and marketing capabilities as well as expanded its U.S. customer base and presence with local fleets and local MRM service providers. As a result of its recent acquisition, Micronet currently operates via its Israeli and U.S. facilities, the first located in Azur, Israel, near Tel Aviv, and the second located in Salt Lake City, Utah from which Micronet Inc. operates. The acquisition was financed partially through cash on hand and partially through a bank loan as further described below and in our financial statements.

Micronet believes that awareness and demand for MRM solutions is significantly increasing as customers seek to optimize their mobile asset utilization of commercial vehicle fleets and enhance workforce productivity and customer satisfaction.

In early 2014, Micronet launched its new Android family of products released to the market in different configurations. The Android family products support high computing power performance as well as maintain abilities in the MRM Fit For Purpose solutions (flexible customized solutions to fit customer requirements and unique needs). Our MRM family products allow technological flexibility to our customers integrating their applications, and as a result increase the customer’s ability to respond to the rapidly growing safety and liability requirements in the field. The Android family of products provides customers with enhanced features and capabilities, optimized for their specific requirements, at a competitive price and has already achieved substantial sales. The Android tablet products are installed in large commercial fleets providing a comprehensive fleet management and MRM solution. With the Android family products on board, commercial fleet operators can go beyond standard ‘track and trace’ applications, to full mobile workforce management solutions, supporting driver electronic logs, in-cab navigation, in-cab scanning and printing, in-cab video driver training, two-way messaging and dispatch, form-based status reporting, and more.

Through its innovative approach, Micronet continues to design the next generation of tablets and expects to introduce new tablet products in 2015. We believe that these new products will further improve the performance and respond to additional specific MRM requirements, allowing the customers to better achieve the desired results and performance.
 
Micronet’s key initiatives for future revenue growth include the following:
 
·
Expanding sales activities in the North American,  European and the growing Asian markets which  will include establishing strong relationships with new customers and partners.
  
 
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·
Addressing the local fleet of MRM market with tablets that are specifically designed to support sales to local fleets through multiple value added resellers by offering advanced features at competitive prices. To our knowledge, the local fleet market is considered to be among the leading largest and fastest growing segments of the MRM market.
 
·
Supporting the two operating systems, Windows and Android, to satisfy a wider customer base, enabling independent application programming and integration with various mission critical automotive system and enterprise-level software solutions.
 
·
Upgrading and enhancing current products and engaging in new product development based on input from clients and partners.
 
·
Partnering with major truck manufacturers to develop a built-in, fit-to-purpose original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, platform.

Developments in the communication market in recent years have enabled Micronet to integrate its products into new standard technologies, which have reduced communication costs and extended availability, thereby increasing the demand for Micronet’s products and solutions. Micronet has made significant investments in its facilities, infrastructures and manufacturing capabilities and has made product enhancements and strengthened functionality.
 
Market opportunity
 
We believe that Micronet is well positioned to pursue a substantial market opportunity. The MRM market, in which we operate through Micronet, is growing and is expected to continue its growth in the coming years. Our management analysis, supported by market research, estimated that on a global basis, subscribers to MRM services will grow to approximately 26 million by the end of 2015. Further, as indicated in market research reports, in the United States, which historically has been Micronet’s largest market, there are currently approximately 8.4 million units in service with MRM systems, and this number is projected to grow to approximately 10 million by the end of 2016. In 2014, the global penetration rate of MRM systems was approximately 10% and the global penetration rate is forecasted to grow to approximately 14% by 2016. In the United States,  market penetration is projected to grow from 21% in 2014 to almost 28% by 2016.
 
This market opportunity is driven, among other things, by new and further comprehensive legislation and regulatory requirements imposed on fleet management operators by the Federal Motor Safety Administration, or FMCSA, which include the need to comply with regulatory Hours of Service, or HOS, driver activity reporting requirements.  In addition and in order to improve compliance with the HOS regulatory requirements, the FMCSA is in the process of adopting legislation designed to mandate the use of electronic logging device, or ELD, by fleet operator.

Products and Services
 
Micronet currently offers various mobile computing devices and tablets to the market, running on both Android and Microsoft operating systems, in various screen size ranges (5-7 inches), that range from basic display products to fully comprehensive display, available in a variety of product configurations and prices. Micronet generates revenues primarily through the sale of its hardware products to service providers who sell those to end users. Micronet does not typically enter into service or maintenance contracts with respect to its products. Micronet customarily provides its customers with a 12-month warranty, with an option to extend such warranty, subject to the payment of applicable fees. Micronet’s technical support and development tool kit, or DTK, support services generate the balance of Micronet’s revenues.
 
Strategy
 
Micronet’s strategy focuses on three major vertical markets: (1) traditional long haul, (2) local fleets and (3) heavy equipment. In each vertical market, we implement the delivery of a comprehensive product offering that satisfies the particular needs of that market, and target potentially larger scale transactions that we expect could result in higher revenue as well as increased gross margin and overall profitability. Micronet continuously analyzes the needs of the markets in which it operates in order to best serve its customers’ needs. Micronet’s strategy is driven by, and focused on, both continued internal growth of its business through gaining a larger market share and the development of new potential markets, new technologies and innovative systems and products as well as through acquisitions.
 
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Key elements of Micronet’s strategy include:
 
·
Continuing to invest efforts in its technology and product development, through collaborations with its partners, customers and potential customers;
 
·
Focusing on offering innovative reliable solutions at a competitive price which will target the  replacement of in house solutions of the service providers;
 
·
Expanding the sales channels through telecomm operators or carriers;
 
·
Penetrating and developing the truck OEM market; and
   
·
Partnering with and/or acquiring complementary technology to broaden and deepen its offerings and customer base.
 
Micronet believes that one of its core competitive strengths is the breadth of its expertise in mobile data technologies, particularly in MRM technologies for the management of vehicle fleets and mobile workforces.
 
Micronet intends to enhance its existing products and develop new products by continuing to make investments in research and development. Micronet further intends to continue its strategy of internally developing products in order to enter new market segments.

Sales and Marketing
 
Micronet’s customers consist primarily of ASPs, and solution providers specializing in the fleet and MRM markets. Currently, Micronet does not sell to end users. Its customers are generally leading service providers of commercial solutions that integrate a wide range of positioning technologies and computing fleet communications in the MRM market.

Micronet products are used by customers in over 20 countries. The United States currently constitutes Micronet’s largest market, representing approximately 85% of Micronet’s revenue for the year ended December 31, 2014 and 88% for the year ended December 31, 2013. In any given year, a single customer may account for a significant portion of Micronet’s revenues. For the year ended December 31, 2014, our 3 largest customers represented approximately individually 29%, 19% and 14% of Micronet’s revenues, respectively. In the year ended December 31, 2014 no other customer accounted for more than 10% of Micronet’s revenues. Our sales team consisted of 6 dedicated sales managers as of December 31, 2014.

Research and Development
 
Micronet believes that one of its core competitive strengths is the breadth of its expertise in mobile data technologies, particularly in MRM technologies for the management of vehicle fleets and mobile workforces. Micronet has developed this expertise over a period of 30 years. It has an experienced engineering and product development team. In order to keep up with the rapid technology evolution and the changing needs of the markets in which it operates, Micronet continues to focus on its innovation and the development of new products and technologies, by continuing to make the necessary investments in research and development.
 
Micronet upgrades and enhances its existing products on an on-going basis, including based on input from its clients and partners and from other sources. Enhancements include the addition of capabilities, improvement of product functionality and performance, and adding features to the existing hardware in order to offer customers a variety of solutions.
 
 
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In addition, Micronet seeks to design and manage product life cycles through a controlled and structured process. It involves customers and industry experts from its target markets in the definition and refinement of its product development. Product development emphasis is placed on meeting industry standards, ease of integration, cost reduction, design-for manufacturability, versatility and innovation, and quality and reliability.
 
During the fiscal years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, Micronet spent NIS 8.2 million (approximately $2.3 million) and NIS 8.6 million (approximately $2.3 million), respectively, on research and development activities. Micronet uses its own resources to finances its research and development activities and none of the cost of such activities is borne by its customers.

In April 2013, Micronet submitted to the Israeli Office of the Chief Scientist of the Ministry of Economy, or OCS, a request for financial support within a framework of a research and development program for a new product. In September 2013, a grant to Micronet in a total amount of NIS 5.5 million (approximately $1.5 million) was approved by the OCS. This grant was provided by the OCS for a period of one year (starting April 2013) at a level of 30% from the aforementioned amount. In addition, during 2014 Micronet  received further confirmation for a grant from the OCS in the total amount of NIS 5.5 million (approximately $1.5 million). This grant was provided by the OCS for a period of one year (starting April 2014) at a level of 40% from the aforementioned amount.  We are obligated to pay royalties to the OCS amounting to 3%-3.5% of the sales of the products and other related revenues generated from such projects linked to the dollar plus Libor interest rate. To date, Micronet has received an aggregate of NIS 3.5 million (approximately $994,000) from the OCS under these two grants.
 
Competition
 
Micronet operates in a highly competitive industry. Further, during the last few years, competition in the field of mobile computers has significantly increased with the mass entrance and introduction to the market of smart phones, tablets, and laptops, as well as various GPS-based hand-held devices featuring additional functionalities.
 
Micronet’s current business is focused on customers that are implementing “tailor made” solutions characterized by highly professional, mission critical and complex technological solutions. These solutions are based on Micronet’s products and must sustain and maintain performance under extreme and challenging field conditions for extended periods of time.
 
Micronet operates in a competitive market. Its competitors are private companies or companies that do not disclose their sales or other financial information, making it difficult to estimate Micronet’s market share and position in the market. Micronet believes that its most significant competitors include: CalAmp Corp., Morey Corporation (U.S.A.), Mobile Devices Corporation, MOTIA Co. Ltd, Advantech Co., Ltd. and Garmin USA, Inc. In addition, some service providers consider the use of their in house development capabilities for the supply of their internal needs for mobile devices.
 
This intensely competitive industry is characterized by rapidly changing technologies, evolving industry standards, frequent new product introductions and changes in customer requirements. In order to maintain its competitive strength, Micronet must continue to develop and introduce on a timely and cost-effective basis, new products and product features which are in line with the technological developments and emerging industry standards and address the increasingly sophisticated needs of its customers.
 
Micronet’s management believes its strongest competitive advantages are the durability of its products and reputation in the industry. Its competitive strengths include the following:
 
·
30 years of field-proven experience, including engineering and manufacturing know-how;
 
·
ability to deliver solutions and products to organizations and customers that are leaders in their respective industries;
 
 
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·
ability to integrate advanced technological capabilities to develop new solutions and products with its own manufacturing infrastructures and facilities, with full control over the end-to-end production process and cost-efficiencies;
 
·
short “food chain” professional and direct marketing methodology focused on main target customers;
 
·
reputation as a leading supplier in relevant markets;
 
·
lasting working relationships with customers;
 
·
an experienced, dedicated and competent management team; and
 
·
Proprietary technology and know-how that allows rapid configuration and implementation of new solutions to meet the special customer needs.

As a result of its recent acquisition, Micronet currently operates via two facilities, the first located in Azur, Israel, near Tel Aviv, and the second  located in Salt Lake City, Utah. These two operating facilities give Micronet additional manufacturing and marketing flexibility to serve the market’s needs, reduce its operational risk and provide management with additional tools to support the business.

Manufacturing
 
With the exception of certain components purchased from subcontractors, Micronet manufactures and assembles its products and solutions using its own facilities in Israel and the United States using its capabilities and resources, which enable it to control and manage the manufacturing and assembly process and ensure timely delivery. The Israeli facilities are primarily used for the manufacturing process while the United States facilities are primarily used for final assembly activities. The manufacturing process includes development of electronic cards, assembly of microchips on the electronic cards and the assembly thereof within the unit, final testing and quality tests. On a case by case basis, subcontractors specializing in certain development or manufacturing aspects may be retained to achieve improvement, efficiency or reduction of costs of development and/or manufacturing processes.
 
Following certain enhancements in its manufacturing and production capabilities, Micronet has excess manufacturing capacity and has the ability to meet current or foreseeable manufacturing needs without making any significant investments. Implemented enhancements include:
 
·
upgraded production and assembly line and purchased new machinery with significant higher component implementation scale;
 
·
increased factory facilities and upgraded various infrastructures;
 
·
entered into agreements with subcontractors in the field that operate additional manufacturing facilities, and have significant procurement and manufacturing capabilities and resources that are available to Micronet;
 
·
Certified subcontractors to perform manufacturing process to ensure flexible manufacturing infrastructures and deployment that can be used for disaster recovery scenarios or rapid increase in production needs.
 
If additional manufacturing resources are needed to meet increased demand for Micronet’s products, manufacturing capacity can be enhanced by outsourcing manufacturing processes, recruiting and training additional employees, adding shifts to the labor cycle and purchasing additional manufacturing equipment and machinery or other required infrastructures.
 
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Intellectual Property
 
Proprietary rights are important to Micronet’s business because its ability to remain competitive in the market is dependent to a significant degree on its proprietary solutions and products and the technology on which they are based. To protect its proprietary rights, Micronet primarily relies on a combination of copyright and trade secret laws, internal know-how, and agreements with third parties, such as license agreements. In addition, Micronet employs internal controls such as the use of confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements. Micronet believes its proprietary technology incorporates processes, know-how, methods, algorithms, hardware and software that are the result of more than 20 years of experience and in-house expertise and thus are not easily copied. Further, most of the production process is performed in house, with the exception of certain specific components that are manufactured by a subcontractor. This limited outsourcing process allows Micronet to maintain the majority of its proprietary information and know-how within the company and lowers its exposure to the risk of its products or solution being copied or used by any third parties.
 
There is a significant amount of litigation with respect to intellectual property in the industry in which Micronet operates. Micronet has not, to date, been the subject of any claims or proceedings with regards to infringement of third party’s proprietary rights and it believes that its products, solutions and services do not violate or infringe any third party’s intellectual property rights. In light of the strong competition in the industry and the innovative solutions and technologies incorporated by Micronet into its recent products, Micronet has been exploring the use of patent applications and is in the process of filing certain patent applications related to its products in the United States, solutions and proprietary technologies. These patents, to the extent granted, are expected to assist Micronet to maintain its technological and competitive position in the market.
 
Micronet’s management, together with its research and development team, monitor closely and continuously all technological developments in the market. Micronet considers and evaluates on an ad hoc basis whether technology and proprietary assets should be acquired through independent in-house development or through the purchase of patents or other technological licenses. Where the purchase of third party proprietary technology, solution or products is required and can be of advantage to its business, Micronet would purchase a license and pay appropriate royalties or license fees. Micronet currently has all third-party licenses that it believes are necessary to maintain and develop its business.
 
Government Regulation
 
Micronet’s business is subject to certain international standards such as U.S. Federal Communications Commission, or FCC, Part 15B, FCC ID, CE and Restriction of Hazardous Substances, or RoHS, which define compatibility of interface and telecommunications standards to those implemented in Europe by the European Commission and in the United States by the FCC. Its solutions and products also comply with the E-Mark European standard, which is the standard that defines the compatibility of interface and telecommunications to all appliances installed in and around an automobile.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2014, Micronet had approximately 80 full-time employees. Of these employees, 50 are employed in manufacturing positions, and the remainder are employed in sales, research and development, management and administrative positions. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining agreement, and we have never experienced a work stoppage. We believe we have good and sustainable relations with our employees.
 
Israeli labor laws and regulations apply to all employees based in Israel. The laws principally address matters such as paid vacation, paid sick days, length of the workday, payment for overtime and severance payments upon the retirement or death of an employee or termination of employment under specified circumstances. The severance payments may be funded, in whole or in part, through a managers’ insurance fund or a pension fund. The payments to the managers’ insurance fund or pension fund toward severance amount to 8.3% of wages. Furthermore, Israeli employees and employers are required to pay predetermined sums to the National Insurance Institute of Israel. Since January 1, 1995, these amounts also include payments for health insurance.

The payments to the National Insurance Institute amount to approximately 13.6% of wages, of which the employee contributes 62% and the employer contributes 38%.
 
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We, including all of our subsidiaries, employed an aggregate of 167 employees on December 31, 2014.

SEGMENT REPORTING
 
Operating segments are based upon our internal organization structure, the manner in which our operations are managed and the availability of separate financial information. Following the purchase of controlling shares of Micronet in September 2012 we have two operating segments: our defense and aerospace segment, conducted by Enertec, and our MRM segment, conducted by Micronet.  See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements included in “Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules” of this Annual Report for further financial information on our operating segments.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors.
 
Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Investors should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as the other information in this Annual Report (including our financial statements and the related notes appearing at the end of this report), before deciding whether to invest in our securities. Investment risks can be market-wide as well as unique to a specific industry or company. The market risks faced by an investor in our common stock are similar to the uncertainties faced by investors in a broad range of industries. There are, however, some risks that apply more specifically to the Company because our business is focused on developing, manufacturing, integrating and marketing globally rugged and military computers, tablets and computer based systems and instruments for the commercial, defense and aerospace markets. These customer relationships involve certain unique risks. Our business is also exposed mainly to common risks, such as the ongoing development of high technology products and the price, availability and quality of commodities and subsystems. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations. The occurrence of any of the following risks could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations or growth prospects. In that case, the trading price of our securities could decline, and investors may lose all or part of their investment.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

Potential political, economic and military instability in Israel could adversely affect our operations.

One of our principal offices and operating facilities is located in Israel. Accordingly, with respect to our Israeli facility, political, economic and military conditions in Israel directly affect our operations. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, a number of armed conflicts have taken place between Israel and its Arab neighbors. A state of hostility, varying in degree and intensity, has led to security and economic problems for Israel. Since October 2000, there has been an increase in hostilities between Israel and the Palestinian Arabs, which has adversely affected the peace process and has negatively influenced Israel’s relationship with its Arab citizens and several Arab countries, including the Israel-Gaza conflict. Such ongoing hostilities may hinder Israel’s international trade relations and may limit the geographic markets where we can sell our products and solutions. Hostilities involving or threatening Israel, or the interruption or curtailment of trade between Israel and its present trading partners, could materially and adversely affect our operations.
 
In addition, Israel-based companies and companies doing business with Israel have been the subject of an economic boycott by members of the Arab League and certain other predominantly Muslim countries since Israel’s establishment. Although Israel has entered into various agreements with certain Arab countries and the Palestinian Authority, and various declarations have been signed in connection with efforts to resolve some of the economic and political problems in the Middle East, we cannot predict whether or in what manner these problems will be resolved. Wars and acts of terrorism have resulted in significant damage to the Israeli economy, including reducing the level of foreign and local investment.
 
Furthermore, certain of our officers and employees may be obligated to perform annual reserve duty in the Israel Defense Forces and are subject to being called up for active military duty at any time. All Israeli male citizens who have served in the army are subject to an obligation to perform reserve duty until they are between 40 and 49 years old, depending upon the nature of their military service.
 
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If we are unable to develop new products and maintain a qualified workforce we may not be able to meet the needs of our customers in the future.
 
Virtually all of the products that we produce and sell are highly engineered and require sophisticated manufacturing and system-integration techniques and capabilities. The markets and industry in which we operate are characterized by rapidly changing technologies. The products, systems and solutions needs of our customers change and evolve regularly. Accordingly, our future performance depends on our ability to develop and manufacture competitive products and solutions, and bring those products to market quickly at cost-effective prices. In addition, because of the highly specialized nature of our business, we must be able to hire and retain the skilled and qualified personnel necessary to perform the services required by our customers. If we are unable to develop new products that meet customers’ changing needs or successfully attract and retain qualified personnel, our future revenues and earnings may be adversely affected.
 
We are dependent on the services of our executive officers, whose potential conflicts of interest may not permit us to effectively execute our business strategy.  

We currently depend on the continued services and performance of our executive officers, particularly David Lucatz, our Chairman and also Micronet’s Chairman and President. Mr. Lucatz also serves as the President, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of D.L. Capital Ltd., or DLC, the primary asset of which is its ownership of shares of our common stock. We have a management and consulting services agreement with DLC. Pursuant to a separate management and consulting services agreement, Mr. Lucatz has agreed to devote 60% of his time to Micronet matters for the three-year term of that agreement. Our business and results of operations may suffer if Mr. Lucatz, or any of our other executive officers or directors, is unable to devote the attention necessary to our overall business strategy and operations.
 
Developing new technologies entails significant risks and uncertainties that may cause us to incur significant costs and could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition, and/or cash flows.  

A significant portion of our business relates to developing sophisticated products and applications. New technologies may be untested or unproven. In addition, we may incur significant liabilities that are unique to our products and services. While we maintain insurance for some business risks, it is not practicable to obtain coverage to protect against all operational risks and liabilities. In addition, we may seek limitation of potential liability related to the sale and use of our products and systems. We may elect to provide products or services even in instances where we are unable to obtain such indemnification or qualification. Accordingly, we may be forced to bear substantial costs resulting from risks and uncertainties of our products and products under development, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and/or cash flows.
 
If we are unable to effectively protect our proprietary technology, our business and competitive position may be harmed.  

Our success and ability to compete are dependent on our proprietary technology. The steps each of our operations, Enertec and Micronet, has taken to protect its proprietary rights may not be adequate and we may not be able to prevent others from using our proprietary technology. The methodologies and proprietary technology that constitute the basis of each of Enertec’s and Micronet’s solutions and products are not protected by patents. Existing trade secret, copyright and trademark laws and non-disclosure agreements to which each of Enertec and Micronet is a party offer only limited protection. Therefore, others, including Enertec’s or Micronet’s competitors, may develop and market similar solutions and products, copy or reverse engineer elements of Enertec’s systems or Micronet’s production lines, or engage in the unauthorized use of Enertec’s or Micronet’s intellectual property. Any misappropriation of Enertec’s or Micronet’s proprietary technology or the development of competitive technology may have a significant adverse effect on Enertec’s or Micronet’s ability to compete and may harm our business and financial position.
 
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We may incur substantial costs as a result of litigation or other proceedings relating to intellectual property rights.  

Third parties may challenge the validity of Enertec’s or Micronet’s intellectual property rights or bring claims regarding Enertec’s or Micronet’s infringement of a third party’s property rights. This may result in costly litigation or other time-consuming and expensive judicial or administrative proceedings, which could deprive us of valuable rights, cause us to incur substantial expenses and cause a diversion for technical and management personnel. An adverse determination may subject us to significant liabilities or require us to seek licenses that may not be available from third parties on commercially favorable terms, if at all. Further, if such claims are proven valid, through litigation or otherwise, we may be required to pay substantial financial damages or be required to discontinue or significantly delay the development, marketing, sale or licensing of the affected products and intellectual property rights.
 
Our earnings and margins may be negatively impacted if we are unable to perform under our contracts.  

When agreeing to contractual terms, our management makes assumptions and projections about future conditions or events. These projections assess:
 
·
the productivity and availability of labor;
 
·
the complexity of the work to be performed;
 
·
the cost and availability of materials;
 
·
the impact of delayed performance; and
 
·
The timing of product deliveries.
 
If there is a significant change in one or more of these circumstances or estimates, or if we face unexpected contract costs, the profitability of one or more of these contracts may be adversely affected and could affect, among other things, our earnings and margins, due to the fact that our contracts are often made on a fixed-price basis.
 
Our earnings and margins could be negatively affected by deficient subcontractor performance or unavailable raw materials or components.  

We rely on other companies to provide raw materials, major components and subsystems for our products. Subcontractors perform some of the services that we provide to our customers. We depend on these subcontractors and vendors to meet our contractual obligations in full compliance with customer requirements. Occasionally, we rely on only one or two sources of supply that, if disrupted, could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our commitments to customers. Our ability to perform our obligations as a prime contractor may be adversely affected if one or more of these suppliers is unable to provide the agreed-upon supplies or perform the agreed-upon services in a timely and cost-effective manner. Further, deficiencies in the performance of our subcontractors and vendors could result in a customer terminating a contract for default. A termination for default could expose us to liability and adversely affect our financial performance and our ability to win new contracts. 

We depend on major customers for a significant portion of our revenues and our future revenues and earnings could be negatively impacted by the loss or reduction of the demand for our products or services by such customers.  

A significant portion of our annual revenues in the past two years were derived from a few leading customers that are large scale strategic Israeli defense groups. In the MRM industry a significant portion of our MRM annual revenues derived from a few leading customers. As of December 31, 2014, we had five customers that combined account for approximately 71.52% of our revenues.
 
Israeli defense spending historically has been driven by perceived threats to the country’s national security. Although Israel has been under a sustained elevated threat level in recent years, we cannot provide any assurance that its defense budget will continue to grow at the pace it has over the past decade. A decrease in Israel’s defense spending or changes in spending allocation could result in one or more of our programs being reduced, delayed or terminated. Reductions in our existing programs could adversely affect our future revenues and earnings. In the MRM market, most of our major customers do not have any obligation to purchase additional products or services from us. Therefore, we cannot provide any assurance that any of our leading customers will continue to purchase solutions, products or services at levels comparable to previous years. A substantial loss or reduction in Micronet’s existing programs could adversely affect our future revenues and earnings.
 
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We operate in a highly competitive and fragmented market and may not be able to maintain our competitive position in the future.  

A number of larger competitors have recently entered the MRM market in which Micronet operates. These large companies have far greater development and capital resources than Micronet. Further, there are competitors of Micronet that offer solutions, products and services similar to those offered by Micronet. If they continue, these trends could undermine Micronet’s competitive strength and position and adversely affect our earnings and financial condition.
 
Micronet may cease to be eligible for, or receive reduced, tax benefits under Israeli law, which could negatively impact our profits in the future.  

Micronet and Enertec currently receive certain tax benefits under the Israeli Law for Encouragement of Capital Investments of 1959, as a result of the designation of its production facility as an “Approved Enterprise.” To maintain their eligibility for these tax benefits, Micronet and Enertec must continue to meet several conditions including, among others, generating more than 25% of its gross revenues outside the State of Israel and continuing to qualify as an “Industrial Company” under Israeli tax law. An Industrial Company, according to the applicable Israeli law (Law for the Encouragement of Industry (Taxes), 1969), is a company that resides in Israel (either incorporated in Israel or managed and controlled from Israel) that, during the relevant tax year, derives at least 90% of its income from an Industrial Factory. An Industrial Factory means a factory that is owned by an Industrial Company and where its manufacturing operations constitute a vast majority of the factory’s total operations/business. The tax benefits of qualifying as an Industrial Company include a reduction of the corporate tax from 26.5% for “Regular Entities” and 16% or 9% for “Preferred Enterprises” (depending on the location of industry) in 2014. In addition, in recent years the Israeli government has reduced the benefits available under this program and has indicated that it may further reduce or eliminate benefits in the future. There is no assurance that Micronet and Enertec will continue to qualify for these tax benefits or that such tax benefits will continue to be available at their current level, or at all. The termination or reduction of these tax benefits would increase the amount of tax payable by Micronet and Enertec and, accordingly, reduce our net profit after tax and negatively impact our profits.
 
Because almost all of our officers and directors are located in non-U.S. jurisdictions, you may have no effective recourse against our management for misconduct.  

Currently, a majority of our directors and officers are or will be nationals and/or residents of countries other than the United States, and all or a substantial portion of their assets are located outside the United States. As a result, it may be difficult for investors to enforce within the United States any judgments obtained against such officers or directors, including judgments predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any U.S. state. Additionally, it may be difficult to enforce civil liabilities under U.S. securities law in original actions instituted in Israel. Israeli courts may refuse to hear a claim based on a violation of U.S. securities laws because Israel is not the most appropriate forum to bring such a claim. In addition, even if an Israeli court agrees to hear a claim, it may determine that Israeli law and not U.S. law is applicable to hear the claim. If U.S. law is found to be applicable, the content of applicable U.S. law must be proved as a fact, which can be a time-consuming and costly process. Certain matters of procedure will also be governed by Israeli law. 
 
Our financial results may be negatively affected by foreign exchange rate fluctuations.  

Our revenues are mainly denominated in U.S. currency and our costs are mainly denominated in Israeli currency. Where possible, we match sales and purchases in these and other currencies to achieve a natural hedge. Currently, neither Enertec nor Micronet has a policy with respect to the use of derivative instruments for hedging purposes, except that both Enertec and Micronet will consider engaging in such hedging activities on a case by case basis. To the extent we are unable to fully match our sales and purchases in different currencies, our business will be exposed to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.
 
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If we fail to manage our growth, our business could be disrupted and our profitability could be reduced.  

We have experienced rapid growth in recent periods through both the acquisition of Micronet, Beijer and organic growth. As a result of our acquisitions of Micronet and Beijer’s U.S. vehicle operations, the number of our employees has effectively doubled since September 2012. We expect our growth may significantly strain our management and other operational and financial resources. In particular, growth increases the integration challenges involved in recruiting, training and retaining skilled technical, marketing and management personnel; maintaining high quality standards; preserving our corporate culture, values and entrepreneurial environment; developing and improving our internal administrative infrastructure, particularly our financial, operational, communications and other internal controls; and maintaining high levels of client satisfaction. If we are unable to manage growth effectively, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be materially adversely affected.
 
Our quarterly revenues may fluctuate as a result of seasonal variation within the Israeli military procurement industry.  

Enertec’s revenues experience seasonal variations because Israeli Ministry of Defense project approvals are frequently provided after the start of the fiscal year. Therefore, new orders to the military suppliers, including Enertec, are often delayed until the second half of the year. In addition, some of our customers require deliveries during the fourth quarter of the year in order to fulfill contractual delivery obligations to their own customers. As a result, we often experience an increase in our fourth quarter sales relative to sales in other quarters.
 
If our beneficial ownership of Micronet’s ordinary shares declines, we may not be able to treat Micronet as our subsidiary, which may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We currently hold 62.5% of Micronet’s outstanding ordinary shares through our subsidiary Enertec Electronics. If we are unable to consider Micronet as a consolidated subsidiary, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected and may cause interest in or the market price of our securities to decline.

Risks Related to Ownership of our Securities
 
Your ability to influence corporate decisions may be limited because ownership of our common stock is concentrated

As of March 30, 2015, Mr. Lucatz, our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President beneficially owns 2,597,200 shares, or approximately 44.35% (and 37.3% on a fully diluted basis) of our outstanding common stock. As a result, Mr. Lucatz, may effectively control matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. Such concentration of ownership may also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of the Company, and this may have a material adverse effect on the trading price of our common stock.
 
Provisions in our corporate charter documents and under Delaware law could make an acquisition of us, which may be beneficial to our stockholders, more difficult and may prevent attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management.  

Provisions in our certificate of incorporation, as amended, and amended and restated bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger, acquisition or other change in control of us that stockholders may consider favorable, including transactions in which you might otherwise receive a premium for your common stock. These provisions could also limit the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for our securities, thereby depressing the market price of our securities. In addition, these provisions may frustrate or prevent any attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management by making it more difficult for stockholders to replace members of our board of directors. Because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team, these provisions could in turn affect any attempt by our stockholders to replace current members of our management team.
 
20

 
 
Moreover, because we are incorporated in Delaware, we are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, or the DGCL, which prohibits a person who owns in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock from merging or combining with us for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person acquired in excess of 15% of our outstanding voting stock, unless the merger or combination is approved in a prescribed manner. We have not opted out of the restrictions under Section 203.
 
Our stockholders may experience significant dilution as a result of any additional financing using our equity securities and/or debt securities.  

To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities or convertible debt securities, our stockholders may experience significant dilution. Sales of additional equity and/or convertible debt securities at prices below certain levels will trigger anti-dilution provisions with respect to certain securities we have previously sold. If additional funds are raised through a credit facility or the issuance of debt securities or preferred stock, lenders under the credit facility or holders of these debt securities or preferred stock would likely have rights that are senior to the rights of holders of our common stock, and any credit facility or additional securities could contain covenants that would restrict our operations.
 
If the price of our common stock is volatile, purchasers of our common stock could incur substantial losses.  

The price of our common stock has been, and may continue to be volatile. The market price of our common stock may be influenced by many factors, including but not limited to the following:
 
·
announcements of developments related to our business;
 
·
quarterly fluctuations in our actual or anticipated operating results;
 
·
announcements of technological innovations;
 
·
new products or product enhancements introduced by us or by our competitors;
 
·
developments in patents and other intellectual property rights and litigation;
 
·
developments in our relationships with our third party manufacturers and/or strategic partners;
 
·
developments in our relationships with our customers and/or suppliers;
 
·
regulatory or legal developments in the United States, Israel and other countries;
 
·
general conditions in the global economy; and
 
·
the other factors described in this “Risk Factors” section.
 
For these reasons and others, you should consider an investment in our common stock as risky and invest only if you can withstand a significant loss and wide fluctuations in the value of your investment.
 
21

 
 
A sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable for our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline and may impair our ability to raise capital in the future.
 
Our common stock is traded on NASDAQ and, despite certain increases of trading volume from time to time, there have been periods when it could be considered “thinly-traded,” meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common stock at or near bid prices at any given time may have been relatively small or non-existent. Finance transactions resulting in a large amount of newly-issued securities may be readily tradable, or other events that cause current stockholders to sell shares, could place downward pressure on the trading price of our common stock. In addition, the lack of a robust resale market may require a stockholder who desires to sell a large number of shares of common stock to sell those shares in increments over time to mitigate any adverse impact of the sales on the market price of our stock. If our stockholders sell, or the market perceives that our stockholders intend to sell for various reasons, including the ending of restriction on resale, substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, including shares issued upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, the market price of our common stock could fall. Sales of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate. Moreover, we may become involved in securities class action litigation that could divert management’s attention and harm our business.
 
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports or publish unfavorable research about our business, the price of our common stock could decline.
 
We do not currently have any significant  research coverage by securities and industry analysts and we may never obtain such research coverage. If securities or industry analysts do not commence or maintain coverage of us,  the trading price for our common stock might be negatively affected. In the event we obtain securities or industry analyst coverage, if one or more of the analysts who covers us or will cover us downgrades our securities, the price of our common stock would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases to cover us or fails to publish regular reports on us, interest in the purchase of our common stock could decrease, which could cause the price of our common stock and trading volume to decline.
 
We did not declare or pay cash dividends in either 2014 or 2013 and do not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.
 
We have no dividends policy and will consider distributing dividends on a year by year basis. The payment of dividends, if any, in the future, rests within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend, among other things, upon our earnings, our capital requirements and our financial condition, as well as other relevant factors. There are no restrictions in our certificate of incorporation, as amended, or amended and restated bylaws that restrict us from declaring dividends. There are no assurances that we will pay dividends in the future.
 
If we fail to continue to meet all applicable NASDAQ requirements, NASDAQ may delist our common stock, which could have an adverse impact on the liquidity and market price of our common stock.
 
Our common stock is currently listed on NASDAQ, which has qualitative and quantitative listing criteria. If we are unable to meet any of the NASDAQ listing requirements in the future, including, for example, if the closing bid price for our common stock falls below $1.00 per share for 30 consecutive trading days, NASDAQ could determine to delist our common stock, which could adversely affect the market liquidity of our common stock and the market price of our common stock could decrease. Such delisting could also adversely affect our ability to obtain financing for the continuation of our operations and could result in the loss of confidence by investors, customers and employees.
 
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 2.   Properties.
 
Enertec’s properties consist of leased combined office and manufacturing facilities used for sales, support, research and development, manufacturing, and our headquarters (management and administrative personnel). Enertec’s offices and facilities currently consist of approximately 25,000 square feet located in Karmiel, in the north of Israel leased at approximately $241,000 per year for the remaining lease duration. The lease term expires in June 2021, subject to two five-year extension options and an early termination provision after five years, which we hold. We believe that Enertec’s present facilities are suitable for its existing and projected operations for the near future.
 
22

 

Micronet currently maintains two facilities in adjacent buildings in Azur, Israel. Both of these facilities are leased, one under a long-term lease, or the Long Term Lease, under which Micronet has purchased “like ownership” rights from the Israeli Land Administration. The facility subject to the Long Term Lease is used as Micronet’s headquarters and the other facility is an industrial building which houses its factory. Micronet’s executive offices occupy approximately 9,688 square feet and house the corporate functions, sales support, and marketing, finance, engineering and operating groups. The Long Term Lease expires in April 2028, subject to our option to extend the term by another 49 years. We do not pay rent with respect to this facility because we have purchased the lease rights. The factory facility occupies approximately 13,185 square feet and is used for the manufacturing and logistic support of the business, including warehouse. The Lease expired in June 2013, and we extended the term for two additional years until June 2015, at a current annual base rent, including property management fees, of approximately $144,000 per year. Micronet believes that its present facilities are suitable for its existing and projected operations for the near future. Following the acquisition of  Beijer’s U.S. vehicle business our U.S. subsidiary, Micronet Inc., maintains leased offices in Salt Lake City, Utah. The lease for this property expires in May 2016 and the rent cost is approximately $118,000 per year. The factory facility in Salt Lake City occupies approximately 14,816 square feet and is used for the manufacturing and logistic support of the business, including warehouse.
 
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings.
 
From time to time we may become subject to litigation incidental to our business. Enertec and Micronet are not currently parties to any material legal proceedings.
 
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not applicable.

PART II
 
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
Our shares of common stock are listed on NASDAQ under the symbol “MICT.” Our warrants are listed on NASDAQ under the symbol “MICTW.”

Until April 24, 2013, our common stock was quoted on the OTCQB, a quotation service that displays real-time quotes, last-sale prices, and volume information in over-the-counter equity securities, under the symbol “LPSTD.”
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the range of high ask and low bid prices of our common stock on the OTCQB and the high and low sale prices on NASDAQ through December 31, 2014:
 
Quarter
 
High
   
Low
 
2014
               
First quarter
 
$
6.37
   
$
4.69
 
Second quarter
 
$
4.71
   
$
3.59
 
Third quarter
 
$
5.24
   
$
2.58
 
Fourth quarter
 
$
4.36
   
$
3.18
 
                 
2013
               
First quarter
 
$
8.75
   
$
3.29
 
Second quarter
 
$
12.25
   
$
4.10
 
Third quarter
 
$
5.99
   
$
4.42
 
Fourth quarter
 
$
5.4
   
$
3.75
 
 
 
23

 
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the range of high ask and low sale prices of our warrants on NASDAQ through December 31, 2014:

Quarter
 
High
   
Low
 
2014
               
First quarter
 
$
2.83
   
$
0.85
 
Second quarter
 
$
1.1
   
$
0.64
 
Third quarter
 
$
0.88
   
$
0.39
 
Fourth quarter
 
$
0.75
   
$
0.44
 
                 
2013
               
First quarter
 
$
     
$
   
Second quarter
 
$
1.75
   
$
0.5
 
Third quarter
 
$
1.599
   
$
0.8
 
Fourth quarter
 
$
1.4
   
$
0.61
 

On March 30, 2015, the last reported sale price of our common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market was $2.93 per share.
 
On March 30, 2015, the last reported sale price of our warrants on The NASDAQ Capital Market was $0.6 per warrant.
 
Holders
 
As of March 30, 2015, we had 5,856,246 shares of common stock outstanding and such shares were held by approximately 28 stockholders of record.
 
Dividends
 
We did not declare or pay cash dividends in either 2014 or 2013 and currently do not plan to declare dividends on shares of our common stock in the foreseeable future. We have no dividends policy and will consider distributing dividends on a year by year basis. We expect to retain our future earnings, if any, for use in the operation and expansion of our business. Subject to the foregoing, the payment of cash dividends in the future, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon such factors as earnings levels, capital requirements, our overall financial condition and any other factors deemed relevant by our board of directors.
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
None.
 
 
24

 
 
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Overview                      
 
We operate primarily through two Israel-based companies, Enertec, our wholly-owned subsidiary, and Micronet, in which we have a controlling interest, which  develop, manufacture, integrate and globally market rugged computers, tablets and computer-based systems and instruments for the commercial, defense and aerospace markets. Our products, solutions and services are designed to perform in severe environments and battlefield conditions.

Micronet is a publicly-traded company on TASE and operates in the growing commercial MRM market and is a global developer, manufacturer and provider of mobile computing platforms, designed for integration into fleet management and mobile workforce management solutions. In June 2014, Micronet expanded its MRM business and operations in the U.S. market through the acquisition of Beijer, or the Transaction, a U.S.-based vehicle business and operations located in Utah, or the Vehicle Business, and as a result adding to its business U.S.-based facilities which include manufacturing and technical support infrastructure, sales and marketing capabilities as well as expanding its U.S. customer base and presence with local fleets and local MRM service providers. As a result of this recent acquisition, Micronet currently operates via its Israeli and U.S. facilities, the first located in Azur, Israel, near Tel Aviv, and the second located in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Enertec operates in the defense and aerospace markets and designs, develops, manufactures and supplies various customized military computer-based systems, simulators, automatic test equipment and electronic instruments. Enertec’s solutions and systems are designed according to major aerospace integrators’ requirements and market technological needs and are integrated by them into critical systems such as command and control, missile fire control, maintenance of military aircraft and missiles for use by the Israeli Air Force, Israeli Navy and by foreign defense entities.

Our strategy is driven and focused on continued internal growth through diligent efforts in our traditional growing markets with new technologies and innovative systems and products as well as the development of new potential segments and markets. Concurrent with our efforts to grow organically and in line with our strategy, we will continue to seek acquisitions that will complement and expand our product offerings, support our goals and increase our competitiveness. In order to help achieve our internal growth, we have expanded our production capacity and facilities. The acquisition of Micronet, or the Acquisition, and the Transaction serve our strategy to grow our business, and we believe that Micronet and its research and development, proprietary know-how and manufacturing capabilities will assist us in expanding our capability to provide turnkey solutions of computer based complex systems and solutions for commercial defense and aerospace applications as well. We strongly believe that by utilizing Micronet as our commercial arm we will be able to access new market segments and new customers, thereby increase our overall customer base. Our current target markets, in which we concentrate the majority of our resources, include the Israeli domestic market, the U.S. market and the European market.
 
In the second quarter of 2013, we closed an underwritten public offering of shares of Common Stock, and warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock for an aggregate consideration of $9,324,000 before deduction of issuance costs of $1,921,841 payable by us. The shares and warrants began trading on the NASDAQ on April 24, 2013 under the symbols “MICT” and “MICTW,” respectively.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to providing financial measurements based on generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, or GAAP, we provide additional financial metrics that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, or non-GAAP financial measures. Management uses non-GAAP financial measures, in addition to GAAP financial measures, to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, for financial and operational decision making, for planning and forecasting purposes and to evaluate our financial performance.
 
25

 

Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures reflect our ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful comparisons and analysis of trends in our business, as they exclude expenses and gains that are not reflective of our ongoing operating results. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors in understanding and evaluating our operating results and future prospects in the same manner as management and in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies.

The non-GAAP financial measures do not replace the presentation of our GAAP financial results and should only be used as a supplement to, not as a substitute for, our financial results presented in accordance with GAAP.

The non-GAAP adjustments, and the basis for excluding them from non-GAAP financial measures, are outlined below:
 
·
Amortization of acquired intangible assets - We are required to amortize the intangible assets, included in our GAAP financial statements, related to the Acquisition and the Transaction. The amount of an acquisition’s purchase price allocated to intangible assets and term of its related amortization are unique to these transactions. The amortization of acquired intangible assets are non-cash charges. We believe that such changes do not reflect our operational performance. Therefore, we exclude amortization of acquired intangible assets to provide investors with a consistent basis for comparing pre- and post-transaction operating results.
 
·
Amortization of note discount and related expenses - These interest expenses are non-cash and are related to amortization of discount of the UTA Capital LLC notes, the last of which was paid in January 2015. Such expenses do not reflect our on-going operations and all of them were incurred up to the end of fiscal 2014.
 
·
Change in fair value of call options and warrants – The change in fair value of the call options relating to the acquisition of Micronet is recorded as interest expense. The change in fair value is derived primarily from Micronet’s share price and does not reflect our on-going operations.
 
·
Stock-based compensation is share based awards granted to certain individuals. They are non-cash and affected by our historical stock prices which are irrelevant to forward-looking analyses and are not necessarily linked to our operational performance.
 
·
Expenses related to the purchase of a business - These expenses relate directly to the purchase of the Vehicle Business and consist mainly of legal and accounting fees, finder’s fees and travel expenses. We believe that these expenses do not reflect our operational performance. Therefore, we exclude them to provide investors with a consistent basis for comparing pre-and post-Vehicle Business purchase operating results.
 
 
26

 

The following table reconciles, for the periods presented, GAAP net loss attributable to Micronet Enertec to non-GAAP net income attributable to Micronet Enertec and GAAP loss per diluted share attributable to Micronet Enertec to non-GAAP net income per diluted share attributable to Micronet Enertec:
 
   
Year ended
 December 31,
 
   
(Dollars in Thousands, other than share and per share amounts)
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
GAAP net loss attributable to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.
 
$
(2,139)
   
$
(495)
 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
   
492
     
332
 
Change in fair value of call options and warrants
   
299
     
170
 
Amortization of note discount and related expenses
   
67
     
1,641
 
Stock-based compensation
   
402
     
19
 
Expenses related to the purchase of a business
   
369
     
-
 
Income tax-effect of above non-GAAP adjustments
   
(32)
     
(50)
 
Total Non-GAAP net income (loss) attributable to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.
 
$
(542)
   
$
1,617
 
Non-GAAP net income (loss) per diluted share attributable to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.
 
 $
(0.09)
   
 $
0.31
 
Shares used in per share calculations
   
5,834,371
     
5,192,485
 
GAAP net income (loss)  per diluted share attributable to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.
 
 $
(0.37)
   
$
(0.097)
 
Shares used in per share calculations
   
5,834,371
     
5,089,122
 

Results of Operations

Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013

Revenues

Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $34,238,000 as compared to $35,571,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. These revenues represent a decrease of $1,333,000, or 3.7% in the Company’s revenues for the year 2014. The decrease is mainly due to a decrease in Micronet revenues of $1,600,000 mainly due to a reduction of unit volumes and prices to a major client, as compared to 2013.

Total revenues related to the aerospace and defense segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $11,583,000 as compared to $11,316,000 during 2013. Total revenues related to the MRM segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $22,655,000 as compared to $24,255,000 during 2013. Our Vehicle Business contributed $11,188,000 to our 2014 revenues.

Gross profit decreased by $3,215,000, or 24%, to $10,058,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014.  This is in comparison to gross profit of $13,273,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013.  Micronet’s gross profit decreased from 44% in the year ended December 31, 2013 to 31% for the same period in 2014, mainly due to a reduction of unit volumes and prices to a major client. Enertec’s gross profit increased from 23% in the year ended December 31, 2013 to 26%, for the same period in 2014, mainly due to changes in product mix. The contribution of the Vehicle Business to our gross profit was $3,558,000 for the seven months ended December 31, 2014.

Gross profit as a percentage of sales was 29% for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to 37% for the year ended December 31, 2013.

Selling and Marketing

Selling and marketing costs are part of operating expenses. Selling and marketing costs for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $1,947,000, as compared to $1,170,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. This represents an increase of $777,000, or 66% for the year 2014. The increase is attributed to the following: (1) Enertec Systems selling and marketing costs contributed $264,000 and (2) the reminder of the increase in the sum of $1,683,000 is attributed to Micronet’s 2014  yearly costs. The increases are primarily due to enlarging the sales team of our MRM operation in the United States and travel expenses, as well as marketing expenses and initial consolidation of the Vehicle Business.

 
27

 
General and Administrative

General and administrative costs are part of operating expenses. General and administrative costs for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $6,290,000 as compared to $4,179,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. This represents an increase of $2,111,000, or 50%, for the year ended December 31, 2014. The increase is attributed to the initial consolidation of the Vehicle Business, shares and options granted to employees and other individuals and a $1,000,000 provision for doubtful debts given the uncertainty regarding certain payments from a major customer.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are part of operating expenses. Research and development costs for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $2,807,000 compared to $2,675,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. This represents an increase of $132,000, or 5% for the year ended December 31, 2014. The increase in research and development is primarily due to the increase in research and development activities and costs of Enertec as well as an investment of a larger portion of Enertec's income in research and development activities. The research and development costs of Micronet were $2,279,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared with $2,257,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. Research and development costs in Enertec increased from $418,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013 to $528,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014. This represents an increase of 26% in research and development costs.

In April 2013, Micronet submitted to the OCS a request for financial support within a framework of a research and development program for a new product. In September 2013, a grant to Micronet in a total amount of NIS 5.5 million (approximately $1.5 million) was approved by the OCS. This grant was provided by the OCS for a period of one year (starting April 2013) at a level of 30% from the aforementioned amount. In addition, during 2014 Micronet received further confirmation for a grant from the OCS in the total amount of NIS 5.5 million (approximately $1.5 million). This grant was provided by the OCS for a period of one year (starting April 2014) at a level of 40% from the aforementioned amount. The Company is obligated to pay royalties to the OCS, amounting to 3%-3.5% of the sales of the products and other related revenues generated from such projects linked to the dollar plus Libor interest rate. To date, Micronet has received an aggregate of NIS 3.5 million (approximately $994,000) from the OCS under these two grants.
 
Net Income (Loss) from operation

Our net loss from operations for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $1,836,000 compared to an operating income of $4,592,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. The decrease is mainly a result of the decrease in gross profit and increase in operating expenses as described above.

Finance Expenses, net

Financial expenses net, for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $296,000 compared to $2,293,000, for the year ended December 31, 2013. This represents a decrease of $1,997,000, or 87%, for the year ended December 31, 2014. The decrease in interest expenses in the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily due to the amortization of UTA’s note discount following a partial repayment of the note during 2013.

Net Income (loss) attributed to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.

Our net loss attributable to Micronet Enertec was $2,139,000 in the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to net loss attributable to Micronet Enertec of $495,000 in the year ended December 31, 2013. This represents a decrease in net income of $1,644,000 as compared with the year ended December 31, 2013. The decrease is attributed mainly to the decrease in revenues and in gross profit margin as mentioned above and the initial consolidation of the Vehicle Business.

 
28

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company finances its operations through current revenues, loans and securities offerings. The loans are divided into bank loans and a loan from UTA Capital LLC, or UTA, as described below.

As of December 31, 2014, our total cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities balance was $14,998,000 (of which marketable securities amounted to $6,406,000), as compared to $19,794,000 (of which marketable securities amounted to $6,969,000), as of December 31, 2013. This reflects a significant decrease of $4,796,000 in cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities. The decrease in cash and cash equivalents is primarily a result of the funding of the acquisition of the Vehicle Business.

In connection with our acquisition of  the Vehicle Business, Micronet entered into a loan agreement, or the FIBI Loan Agreement, with the First International Bank of Israel, or FIBI.  Under this agreement, FIBI loaned Micronet $4.85 million for the financing of this acquisition.  Pursuant to the terms of the FIBI Loan Agreement, $2.425 million of the loan bears interest at a quarterly adjustable rate of Prime plus 1.5 percent (3.75% percent as of the date of the loan), or the Long Term Portion. The Long Term Portion plus interest is due and payable in twelve equal consecutive quarterly installments beginning on August 29, 2014. The balance of the loan in the amount of $2.425 million bears interest at a quarterly adjustable rate of Prime plus 1.2% (3.45% as of the date of the loan), or the Short Term Portion. The Short Term Portion is due and payable within one year from the date of the loan, and the interest on the Short Term Portion is due and payable every quarter beginning on August 29, 2014. The loan is secured mainly by a floating charge against Micronet’s assets and a mortgage on a building owned by Micronet. The loan is subject to customary covenants, terms, conditions, events of default and certain pre-payment provisions. As of December 31, 2014, the balance on this loan (the Long Term Portion and the Short Term Portion) was approximately $4,018,000 and the interest rates were Prime plus 1.2% and Prime plus 1.5% for the Short Term Portion and the Long Term Portion, respectively.

On June 17, 2014, Enertec entered into a loan agreement, or the Mercantile Loan Agreement, with Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd., or Mercantile Bank, pursuant to which Mercantile Bank agreed to loan the Company approximately $3,631,000 on certain terms and conditions, or the Mercantile Loan. The proceeds of the Mercantile Loan were used by the Company: (1) to refinance previous loans granted to the Company in the amount of approximately $1,333,000; (2) to complete the purchase by the Company, via Enertec, of 1.2 million shares of Micronet constituting 6.3% of the issued and outstanding shares of Micronet; and (3) for working capital and general corporate purposes.

Pursuant to the terms of the Mercantile Loan Agreement: 1) approximately $3,050,000 of the Mercantile Loan bears interest at a quarterly adjustable rate of Prime plus 2.45 percent, or the Mercantile Long Term Portion, and 2) approximately $581,000 of the Mercantile Loan bears interest at a quarterly adjustable rate of Prime plus 1.7 percent, or the Mercantile Short Term Portion. The Mercantile Long Term Portion is due and payable in five equal consecutive annual installments beginning on July 1, 2015, and the interest on the Mercantile Long Term Portion is due and payable in ten equal consecutive annual installments beginning at January 1, 2015. The Mercantile Short Term Portion in the amount of approximately $581,000 bears interest of Prime plus 1.7%.The Mercantile Loan is secured mainly by (1) a negative pledge on Enertec’s assets, (2) a pledge of Enertec’s financial deposits which shall be equal to 25% of Enertec’s outstanding credit balance, and (3) a fixed charge of Micronet shares at such value equal to at least 200% of the outstanding net balance of the Mercantile Loan. The Mercantile Loan is subject to customary covenants, terms, conditions, events of default and certain pre-payment provisions. As of December 31, 2014, the balance on the Mercantile Loan was $3,228,000 and the interest rates were Prime plus 2.45% and Prime plus 1.7%. for the Mercantile Long Term Portion and the Mercantile Short Term Portion, respectively.

Pursuant to the terms of the Mercantile Loan Agreement, the parties agreed to grant Mercantile Bank a five-year Phantom Stock Option, or the Phantom Stock Option, pursuant to which Mercantile Bank is entitled to participate in the future appreciation of the Company’s shares and receive a cash amount equal to the increase in the value of the shares underlying the Phantom Stock Option on certain terms and conditions. The Phantom Stock Option allows Mercantile Bank to theoretically exercise, on a cashless basis, options to purchase 1,144,820 shares of Micronet, or the Option Shares, and to receive a cash amount equal to the difference between approximately 4 million NIS, (representing 110 percent of the average market value of Micronet Option Shares during the 30 trading days prior to the date of the Mercantile Loan) and the actual market price of such Option Shares on the date of the exercise of the Phantom Stock Option. Pursuant to the Mercantile Loan Agreement, the parties further agreed that the potential gain to Mercantile Bank resulting from the Phantom Stock Option shall not exceed NIS 3 million. In the event the Mercantile Loan is repaid prior to the third anniversary of the Mercantile Loan, the gain to Mercantile Bank resulting from the Phantom Stock Option shall not exceed NIS 2 million. As of the date of the Mercantile Loan the exercise price of the Phantom Stock Options is higher than the market price of the Option Shares. As of December 31, 2014, the fair value of this Phantom Stock Option was less than $50,000.
 
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On July 12, 2011, the Company entered into a Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement with UTA, or the Purchase Agreement (and as amended by that certain letter agreement dated as of August 16, 2011, and as further amended by that certain Second Amendment to Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement dated as of August 31, 2011 and that certain Third Amendment to Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement dated as of November 24, 2011, the Original Agreement), pursuant to which UTA, agreed to provide financing to the Company on a secured basis.
 
On March 8, 2013, UTA fully exercised certain warrants or the UTA Warrants, and the Company issued an aggregate of 726,746 shares of Common Stock to UTA upon such exercise, which represented approximately 18.3% of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock as of March 14, 2013. Of the UTA Warrants, warrants to purchase 476,113 shares of Common Stock, issued to UTA in September 2011, were exercised for the full amount of such shares at an aggregate exercise price of $476,000 based on an exercise price of $1.00 per share, which exercise price was paid by reducing the $480,000 liability the Company owed UTA for the amendments and releases described above. The remaining UTA Warrants to purchase 300,000 shares of Common Stock, issued to UTA in September 2012, were partially exercised for 250,633 shares through a cashless exercise method.
 
In May 2013, the Company repaid certain of its debt to UTA in the total amount of $1,185,000. In June 2013, the Company repaid additional amounts of its debt to UTA pursuant to a certain promissory note in a total amount of $282,000. On January 10, 2015, the Company repaid all of its remaining debt to UTA in the amount of $1,000,000.
 
As of December 31, 2014, our total current assets were $37,057,000, as compared to $39,210,000 at December 31, 2013. The decrease is mainly due to the decrease in cash and cash equivalents as described above.
 
Our trade accounts receivable at December 31, 2014 were $14,152,000 as compared to $13,467,000 at December 31, 2013. The increase is primarily due to increase in sales for the last quarter of 2014.
 
As of December 31, 2014, our working capital was $16,434,000, as compared to $26,436,000 at December 31, 2013. The decrease in the working capital primarily is due to the decrease in cash and cash equivalents and the increase of short term bank loans in connection with the funding of the acquisition of the Vehicle Business.
 
As of December 31, 2014, our total debt (including current portion on long-term loans from others) was $14,335,000 as compared to $9,121,000 at December 31, 2013. The increase in our total debt is mainly due to the funding of the acquisition of the Vehicle Business.

Our bank and other debt is composed of short-term loans amounting to $10,416,000 as of December 31, 2014 compared to $5,058,000 at December 31, 2013, and long-term loans amounting to $3,919,000 as of December 31, 2014 compared to $4,063,000 at December 31, 2013. The increase is  mainly due the acquisition of the Vehicle Business.

Our debt includes our bank debt described above, a working capital credit facility and a loan from UTA:
 
 
·
Our bank debt is composed of short-term loans to Enertec Electronics, Enertec  and Micronet amounting to $9,416,000 as of December  31, 2014 compared to $5,058,000 at December 31, 2013, and long-term loans amounting to $3,919,000 as of December 31, 2014 compared to $3,130,000 at December 31, 2013.  The short-term loans bear interest rates between Israeli prime (currently 1.75%) plus 0.7% to 2.45%.  The long-term loans have maturity dates between May 2017 and July 2019 and bear interest rates between Israeli Prime plus 1.25% to 2.45%.
 
 
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·
Enertec has covenanted under its bank loans, among other things that (1) its shareholder’s equity according to its financial statements will not fall below NIS 17 million, and (2) its shareholder’s equity will not be lower than 30% of the total liabilities on its balance sheet. Enertec has met all of its bank covenants as of December 31, 2014.
 
 
·
Enertec Electronics has covenanted under its bank loan mainly that the Company will present separate financial statements equity of not less than 32.5% of total assets. Enertec Electronics has met all of its bank covenants as of December 31, 2014.
 
 
·
In addition, Micronet has undertaken under its bank loan documents the following primary financial covenants: (1) a cash balance of not less than NIS 15 million; (2) a minimum equity of NIS 30 million and (3) total solvency ratio of not less than 30%. Micronet has met all of its bank covenants as of December 31, 2014.

 
·
The outstanding balance of the loan from UTA in the amount of $1,000,000 with an initial interest rate equal to 8% per annum, which was paid in one payment on January 10, 2015.

On April 29, 2013, we closed an underwritten public offering of an aggregate of 1,863,000 shares of common stock and issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,012,500 shares of common stock, at an offering price of $5.00 per share and $0.01 per warrant. The warrants have a per share exercise price of $6.25, are currently exercisable and expire in 2018.
 
Financing Needs
 
Although we currently do not have any material commitments for capital expenditures, we expect our capital requirements to increase over the next several years as we continue to support the organic and non-organic growth of our business. Among other activities, we plan to develop, manufacture and market larger-scale solutions, support our growing manufacturing and finance needs, continue the development and testing of our suite of products and systems, increase management, marketing and administration infrastructure, and embark on developing in-house business capabilities and facilities. Our future liquidity and capital funding requirements will depend on numerous factors, including but not limited to (1) the levels and costs of our research and development initiatives, (2) the cost of hiring, training and certifying additional highly skilled professionals (mainly engineers and technicians), and maintaining our management including sales and marketing personnel to promote our products, and (3) the cost and timing of the expansion of our development, manufacturing and marketing efforts.

The Company had paid the balance of the UTA loan in January 2015 and expects to pay off the current portion of certain bank loans in the amount $1,565,000 using its cash flow from operations or possibly additional debt or equity financings.

The Company has an effective Form S-3 registration statement, filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, with the Securities and Exchange Commission using a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, the Company may, from time to time, sell common stock, warrants or units in one or more offerings up to a total dollar amount of $30 million.
 
Based on our current business plan, we anticipate that our existing cash balances and cash generated from future sales will be sufficient to permit us to conduct our operations and to carry out our contemplated business plans for the next twelve months. However, we believe that we may need to raise additional funds if we want to materially decrease our dependence on our existing cash and other liquidity resources. Currently, the only external sources of liquidity are our banks, and we may seek additional financing from them or through securities offerings, to expand our operations, using new capital to develop new products, enhance existing products or respond to competitive pressures. However, we may also undertake additional debt or equity financings (including sales of common stock, warrants or units under our shelf registration statement) to better enable us to grow and meet our future operating and capital requirements. There is no assurance that we will be able to consummate such offerings on favorable terms or at all.
 
 
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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect that is material to investors on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.
 
Critical Accounting Policies

Principles of consolidation.  The consolidated financial statements include the Company’s and its subsidiaries financial statements. Control is the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its operating activities. In assessing control legal and contractual rights are taken into account. The consolidated financial statements of subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date that control is achieved until the date that control ceases. Intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated upon consolidation.
 
Accounts receivable and allowances for doubtful accounts.  Our trade receivables include amounts due from customers. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers’ financial condition and we require collateral as deemed necessary. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make payments. In judging the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, we consider multiple factors including the aging of our receivables, historical bad debt experience and the general economic environment. Management applies considerable judgment in assessing the realization of receivables, including assessing the probability of collection and the current creditworthiness of each customer. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.
 
Impairment of long-lived assets and good will. In accordance with ASC 360-10, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets,” long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment and purchased intangibles subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying value of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying value of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset.
 
Revenue recognition.  The Company’s subsidiary Enertec Systems enters into long-term fixed-price contracts with customers to manufacture test systems, simulators, and airborne applications. Revenue on these long-term fixed-price contracts is recognized under the percentage-of-cost method. In using the percentage of completion method, revenues are generally recorded based on the percentage of cost incurred to date on a contract relative to the estimated total expected contract cost. Management uses historical experience, project plans and an assessment of the risks and uncertainties inherent in the arrangement to establish the total estimated costs. The percentage of completion is established by the costs incurred to date as a percentage of the estimated total costs of each contract (cost-to-cost method). Contract costs include all direct material and labor costs. The Company begins recognizing revenue on a project when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, recoverability is probable, and project costs are incurred. The Company recognizes contract losses, if any, in the period in which they first became evident.
 
Revenues from the sales of MRM products are recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee payable by the customer is fixed and determinable; and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. The title and risk of loss passes to the customer, delivery has occurred and acceptance is satisfied once the product leaves the Company premises.
 
Income taxes.  Deferred taxes and liabilities are determined utilizing the “asset and liability” method, whereby deferred tax asset and liability account balances are determined based on differences between financial reporting and the tax basis of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company provides a valuation allowance, when it is more likely than not that deferred tax assets will not be realized in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax liabilities and assets are classified as current or non-current based on the expected reversal dates.
 
 
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The Company adopted ASC Topic 740-10-05, “Income Tax,” which provides guidance for recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions, and prescribes a threshold condition that a tax position must meet for any of the benefits of the uncertain tax position to be recognized in the financial statements. It also provides accounting guidance on de-recognition, classification and disclosure of these uncertain tax positions. The Company’s policy on classification of all interest and penalties related to unrecognized income tax positions, if any, is to present them as a component of income tax expense.
 
Item 7A.         Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 8.            Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
The Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements appearing on pages F-2 to F-30 of this Annual Report are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 9.            Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
None.
 
Item 9A.         Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We conducted an evaluation under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively), regarding the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act) as of December 31, 2014. Based on the aforementioned evaluation, management has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2014.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting has been designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
 
Our internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect transactions and dispositions of our assets; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorization of our management and directors; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
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Management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2014. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (1992). Based on that assessment under those criteria, management has determined that, at December 31, 2014, our internal control over financial reporting was effective.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B.   Other Information.
 
None.
 
PART III
 
Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
 
The members of our board of directors and our executive officers, together with their respective ages and certain biographical information are set forth below. Mr. Lucatz receives no compensation for his services as a board member but is entitled to management services fees paid to a company under his control. Directors hold office until the next annual meeting of our stockholders and until their successors have been duly elected and qualified. Our executive officers are elected by and serve at the designation and appointment of the board of directors.
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
David Lucatz
 
58
 
Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and President
Tali Dinar
 
43
 
Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
Shai Lustgarten
 
44
 
Former Vice President of Business Development, Chief Executive Officer of Micronet
Chezy Ofir(1)(2)
 
63
 
Director
Jeffrey P. Bialos(3)
 
59
 
Director
Jacob Berman(1)(3)(2)
 
66
 
Director
Miki Balin(1)(2)
 
44
 
Director

(1) 
A member of the Audit Committee.
 
(2)
A member of the Compensation Committee.
 
(3)
A member of the Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee.

The following is a brief account of the business experience of each of our directors and executive officers during the past five years or more.
 
David Lucatz. Mr. Lucatz was elected to our Board and appointed as our President and Chief Executive Officer in May 2010 and as a director of Micronet, our 62.5% owned subsidiary, in September 2012. Since May 2010, Mr. Lucatz has been serving as the President of Enertec. Since 2006, he has been the Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of DLC, a boutique investment holding company based in Israel specializing in investment banking, deal structuring, business development and public/private fund raising with a strong focus in the defense and homeland security markets. From 2001 until 2006, he was part of the controlling shareholder group and served as a Deputy President and Chief Financial Officer of I.T.L. Optronics Ltd., a publicly-traded company listed on TASE engaged in the development, production and marketing of advanced electronic systems and solutions for the defense and security industries. From 1998 to 2001, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Talipalast, a leading manufacturer of plastic products. Previously, Mr. Lucatz was an executive vice president of Securitas, a public finance investments group. Mr. Lucatz holds a B.Sc. in Agriculture Economics and Management from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a M.Sc. in Industrial and Systems Engineering from Ohio State University.
 
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We believe that Mr. Lucatz’s experience over the last 25 years in management, operations, finance and business development in corporate turnaround, roll-up and M&A situations, as well as his experience in the electronics defense and homeland security sectors, make him suitable to serve as a director of the Company.
 
Tali Dinar. Ms. Dinar has served as our Chief Financial Officer since May 2010, the Chief Financial Officer of Enertec since November 2009 and the Chief Financial Officer of Micronet since November 2012. Since October 2009, Ms. Dinar has served as vice president, finance of DLC, where she serves as key advisor to the company’s management and is responsible for implementing internal controls driving major strategic financial issues. From 2007 until 2009, she served as chief controller of the Global Consortium on Security Transformation, a global homeland security organization. From 2002 until 2007, she was the chief controller of I.T.L. Optronics Ltd.  Ms. Dinar holds a B.A. in Accounting and Business Management from The College of Management Academic Studies and earned her CPA certificate in 1999.
 
Shai Lustgarten. Mr. Lustgarten has been the Chief Executive Officer of Micronet since July 2014 and was our Executive Vice President of Business Development  from November 2013 until July 2014. Mr. Lustgarten brings extensive and proven experience in similar positions with industrial global companies operating in international markets both in the defense and civil electronics fields and related industries. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Lustgarten served from 2008 to 2013 as Vice President of Sales, Marketing & Chief Marketing Officer of TAT Technologies Group, a world leading supplier of electronic systems to the commercial and defense markets and prior to that for 2 years (2007-2008) as Director of Business Development of SGD Engineering Ltd, a provider of tailored defense & commercial aviation solutions. Between 2006-2007, Mr. Lustgarten served as Marketing & Business Development Director for Haargaz Group, a turnkey solution supplier for end users in the defense and communication private sector and as Chief Executive Officer of T.C.E. Aviation Ltd a CNC Manufacturing Facility and assemblies company between 2002-2006. Shai served as the assistant to the Military Attache at the Embassy of Israel in Washington D.C. from 1993 to 1997 and holds a B.Sc. of Business Management & Computer Science from the University of Maryland.
 
Professor Chezy Ofir. Professor Ofir has served on our board of directors since April 2013. He was appointed as a director of Micronet in September 2012. Professor Ofir has over 20 years of experience in business consulting and corporate management. During this period, Professor Ofir has served as a member of the boards of directors of a large number of companies in various sectors. Professor Ofir has been a director and Chairman of the Financial Reporting Committee of Makhteshim Agam, a leading manufacturer and distributor of crop protection products, has served as a director and member of all board committees of I.T.L. Optronics Ltd., a publicly-traded company listed on TASE engaged in the development, production and marketing of advanced electronic systems and solutions for the defense and security industries, and as a member of the board of directors, Chairman of the Audit Committee and member of all board committees of Shufersal, the largest food and non-food retail chain in Israel. He served as a member of the Executive Export Trade and Marketing Committee of the Industry and Trade Ministry of Israel where he evaluated company programs and formulated and recommended funding to the committee. Professor Ofir has been a faculty member at the Hebrew University for more than 20 years. Professor Ofir founded an Executive MBA program for CEOs, which is the first and only program of its kind in Israel. Additionally, Professor Ofir has been the Chairman of the Marketing Department at the Hebrew University Business School for fifteen years. Professor Ofir has been invited as a lecturer or research partner to many top universities, including Stanford University, University of California Berkeley, New York University and Georgetown University. Professor Ofir’s publications have been covered in media and leading international business magazines and papers, including The Financial Times, MIT Sloan Management Review and Stanford Business. Professor Ofir holds a B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Engineering and doctorate and master’s degrees in Business Administration from Columbia University.
 
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We believe that Professor Ofir’s extensive experience in consulting companies on strategic processes, international business development, business and marketing strategy, establishing control systems, products and new product strategies and pricing strategy, makes him suitable to serve as a director of the Company.
 
Jeffrey P. Bialos has served on our board of directors since April 2013. Mr. Bialos has over 30 years of experience in a broad range of domestic and international legal, governmental and public policy positions. He served as Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Industrial Affairs from January 1999 through December 2001 and in senior positions at the State and Commerce Department during the Clinton Administration and served on Defense Science Board task forces from June 1996 through June 1997. He also was appointed to the Secure Virginia Panel, Virginia’s homeland security board, by two Virginia Governors.  Mr. Bialos also  spent considerable time in private legal practice in Washington, D.C. with two large national law firms (currently, Sutherland, Asbill & Brennan LLP where he has been a partner since 2002 and, previously, Weil, Gotshal & Manges from January 1990 through June 1996). He has represented a wide range of domestic and foreign firms (including large multinational corporations and leading defense and aerospace firms), foreign governments, development institutions such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Finance Corporation, private equity funds, public-private partnerships and other entities, in a diverse range of corporate and commercial, adjudicatory, regulatory, policy and interdisciplinary matters. He has considerable experience in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Mr. Bialos holds a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School, a M.P.P. from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and an A.B. from Cornell University.  He is a member of the New York Council on Foreign Relations.

We believe that  Mr. Bialos’ broad and intimate familiarity with the aerospace, defense, information technology, space and homeland security industries and the depth and breadth of his professional experience as a practicing lawyer and former government official, make him suitable to serve as a director of the Company.
 
Jacob Berman Mr. Berman has served on our board of directors since April 2013. Mr. Berman has extensive experience in the finance, banking, and real estate industries. Since 2002, Mr. Berman has been advising corporate clients and high net worth individuals in the entry and financing of credit and real estate related transactions as President of JB Advisors, Inc, a corporate and wealth management advisory firm. His previous experience includes acting as President of Thor Funding, LLC, an arm of Thor Equities, from 2004 to 2005, where he was responsible for business development and investor relations. Prior to his role with Thor Funding, LLC, Mr. Berman founded and served as Chief Executive Officer and a board member at Commercial Bank of New York. From 2008 to 2010, Mr. Berman also served as President of GoldCrest Funding, a financial services firm that specializes in trade financing, factoring and asset-based lending. Mr. Berman currently serves as Chairman of the board of directors of Israel Discount Bank of New York and as a member of the board of directors of Magal Security Systems, Ltd. Mr. Berman holds an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago and a B.A. in Economics and Accounting from Queens College.

We believe that Mr. Berman’s significant experience in the finance and banking industry, as well as his dual U.S. and Israeli citizenship, make him suitable to serve as a director of the Company.

Miki Balin Mr. Balin has served on our board of directors since April 2013. Mr. Balin has been the CEO and founder of Targetingedge Ltd., a subsidiary of TLVmedia Ltd since 2013. Prior to Targetingedge he founded WinBuyer in 2006 and Conversion Methods in 2004, which developed products for e-retailers. Mr. Balin has devoted much of his career to managing marketing-related ventures. Prior to establishing Conversion Methods and WinBuyer, he founded Balin, Adatto & Cohen, a leading healthcare consulting and advertising firm in Israel. He also managed a family-owned food distribution company, and served as general manager of the Rina Shinfeld Ballet Theatre, where he still serves as a director. In 2011, WinBuyer was awarded the “Best Product at eCommerce Expo” for its product Winbuyer 2.0.
 
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We believe that Mr. Balins’ experience as a business and marketing executive make him suitable to serve as a director of the Company.
 
There are no arrangements or understandings with major stockholders, customers, suppliers or others pursuant to which any of our directors or members of senior management were selected as such. In addition, there are no family relationships among our executive officers and directors.
 
Our future success depends, in significant part, on the continued service of certain key executive officers, managers, and sales and technical personnel, who possess extensive expertise in various aspects of our business. We may not be able to find an appropriate replacement for any of our key personnel. Any loss or interruption of our key personnel’s services could adversely affect our ability to implement our business plan. It could also result in our failure to create and maintain relationships with strategic partners that are critical to our success. We do not presently maintain key-man life insurance policies on any of our officers.
 
Corporate Governance
 
Our board of directors is currently comprised of five directors. Mr. Lucatz, our chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, is not independent as that term is defined under the NASDAQ Listing Rules. Professor Ofir and Messrs. Bialos, Berman and Balin have been directors since our public offering. Each of Professor Ofir and Messrs. Bialos, Berman and Balin qualify as “independent” under the NASDAQ Listing Rules, and SEC rules with respect to members of boards of directors. Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee, and otherwise meet the NASDAQ corporate governance requirements.

Our board of directors has three standing committees: the Compensation Committee, the Audit Committee and the Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee.
 
Audit Committee
 
The members of our Audit Committee are Professor  Ofir,  Mr. Berman and  Mr. Balin. Mr. Berman is the Chairman of the Audit Committee, and our board of directors has determined that Jacob Berman is an “Audit Committee financial expert” and that all members of the Audit Committee are “independent” as defined by the rules of the SEC and the NASDAQ rules and regulations. The Audit Committee operates under a written charter that is posted on our website at www.micronet-enertec.com. The primary responsibilities of our Audit Committee include:

·
Appointing, compensating and retaining our registered independent public accounting firm;
 
·
Overseeing the work performed by any outside accounting firm;
 
·
Assisting the board of directors in fulfilling its responsibilities by reviewing: (1) the financial reports provided by us to the SEC, our stockholders or to the general public and (2) our internal financial and accounting controls; and
 
·
Recommending, establishing and monitoring procedures designed to improve the quality and reliability of the disclosure of our financial condition and results of operations.

Compensation Committee

The members of our Compensation Committee are Professor  Ofir, Mr. Berman and Mr. Balin. Mr.  Berman is the Chairman of the Compensation Committee and our board of directors has determined that all of the members of the Compensation Committee are “independent” as defined by the rules of the SEC and NASDAQ rules and regulations. The Compensation Committee operates under a written charter that is posted on our website at www.micronet-enertec.com. The primary responsibilities of our Compensation Committee include:

·
Reviewing and recommending to our board of directors of the annual base compensation, the annual incentive bonus, equity compensation, employment agreements and any other benefits of our executive officers;
 
·
Administering our equity based compensation plans and exercising all rights, authority and functions of the board of directors under all of the Company’s equity compensation plans, including without limitation, the authority to interpret the terms thereof, to grant options thereunder and to make stock awards thereunder; and
 
 
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·
Annually reviewing and making recommendations to our board of directors with respect to the compensation policy for such other officers as directed by our board of directors.

The Compensation Committee meets, as often as it deems necessary, without the presence of any executive officer whose compensation it is then approving. Neither the Compensation Committee nor the Company engaged or received advice from any compensation consultant during 2014.

Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee

The members of our Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee are Mr. Bialos and Mr. Berman. Mr.  Berman is the Chairman of the Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee and our board of directors has determined that all of the members of the Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee are “independent” as defined by NASDAQ rules and regulations. The Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee operates under a written charter that is posted on our website at www.micronet-enertec.com. The primary responsibilities of our Corporate governance and Nominating Committee include:

·
Assisting the board of directors in, among other things, effecting board organization, membership and function including identifying qualified board nominees; effecting the organization, membership and function of board of directors committees including composition and recommendation of qualified candidates; establishment of and subsequent periodic evaluation of successor planning for the Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers; development and evaluation of criteria for board membership such as overall qualifications, term limits, age limits and independence; and oversight of compliance with applicable corporate governance guidelines; and

·
Identifying and evaluating the qualifications of all candidates for nomination for election as directors.

Potential nominees will be identified by the board of directors based on the criteria, skills and qualifications that will be recognized by the Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee. In considering whether to recommend any particular candidate for inclusion in the board’s slate of recommended director nominees, our Corporate Governance/Nominating Committee will apply criteria including the candidate’s integrity, business acumen, knowledge of our business and industry, age, experience, diligence, conflicts of interest and the ability to act in the interests of all stockholders. No particular criteria will be a prerequisite or will be assigned a specific weight, nor do we have a diversity policy.  We believe that the backgrounds and qualifications of our directors, considered as a group, should provide a composite mix of experience, knowledge and abilities that will result in a well-rounded board of directors and allow the board of directors to fulfill its responsibilities.

There have not been any changes in our process for nominating directors.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our executive officers and directors, and persons who own more than 10% of our common stock, to file reports regarding ownership of, and transactions in, our securities with the SEC and to provide us with copies of those filings. Based solely on our review of the copies of such forms received by us, or written representations from certain reporting persons, we believe that during fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, all filing requirements applicable to our officers, directors and ten percent beneficial owners were complied with.

Code of Ethics

We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to our directors, executive officers and all of our employees. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available on our website at www.micronet-enertec.com and we will provide, at no charge, persons with a written copy upon written request made to us.
 
 
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Item 11.         Executive Compensation
 
The following information is furnished for the years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 for our named executive officers.

Name and Principal Position
 
Year
 
Salary (1)
   
Bonus (2)
   
Stock Based Awards
   
All Other Compensation (3)
   
Total
 
David Lucatz (4)
 
2013
  $ 390,789     $ -       -     $ 12,410     $ 403,199  
Chief Executive Officer and President
 
2014
  $ 421,471     $ 142,033     $ 123,955     $ 9,606     $ 697,065  
Tali Dinar
 
2013
  $ 134,613       -       -     $ 65,368     $ 199,981  
Chief Financial Officer and Secretary
 
2014
  $ 168,190       -     $ 39,666     $ 42,036     $ 249,892  
Shai Lustgarten
 
2013
  $ 89,083       -       -     $ 12,067     $ 101,150  
Former Vice President of Business Development, Chief Executive Officer of Micronet
 
2014
  $ 107,461     $ 23,816     $ 79,331     $ 15,476     $ 226,084  
 
(1 )
Salary paid partly in NIS and partly in U.S. dollars. The amounts are converted according to the average foreign exchange rate U.S. dollar/NIS for 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
(2 )
Represents discretionary bonus in connection with the performance and achievements of the Company.
 
(3 )
Includes the following: pay-out of unused vacation days, personal use of company car (including tax gross-up), personal use of company cell phone, contributions to manager’s insurance (retirement and severance components), contributions to advanced study fund, recreational allowance, premiums for disability insurance and contributions to pension plan. In addition, Ms. Dinar is entitled to receive director compensation from Micronet  as a member of the board of directors of Micronet,  pursuant to the Israeli Companies Law regulations (compensation and expenses reimbursement for independent directors). In 2014, Ms. Dinar’s compensation and expenses reimbursement  serving as a director of Micronet amounted to a total of $15,264.
     
(4 )
In November 2012, entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz reached agreements with each of Micronet and the Company, for the provision of management and consulting services to Micronet and the Company, respectively. On November 7, 2012, the board of directors and the Audit Committee of the board of directors of Micronet approved the entry into a management and consulting services agreement with DLC, pursuant to which, effective November 1, 2012 Mr. Lucatz agreed to devote 60% of his time to Micronet matters for the three year term of the agreement and Micronet agreed to pay the entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz management fees of NIS 65,000 (approximately $18,172) on a monthly basis, and cover other monthly expenses. Such agreement was further subject to the approval of Micronet’s stockholders, which was obtained at a special meeting held on January 30, 2013 for that purpose and went into effect following its execution on February 8, 2013. On November 26, 2012, DLC entered into a 36-month management and consulting services agreement with the Company, effective November 1, 2012, which provides that we (via any of our directly or indirectly fully owned subsidiaries) will pay the entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz: (1) management fees of $13,333 on a monthly basis, and cover other monthly expenses, (2) an annual bonus of 3% of the amount by which the annual earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA, for such year exceeds the average annual EBITDA for 2011 and 2010, and (3) a one-time bonus of 0.5% of the purchase price of any acquisition or capital raising transaction, excluding only a specified 2013 public equity offering, completed by us during the term of the agreement.
 
 
39

 
Employment Agreements
 
None of our employees is subject to a collective bargaining agreement.

On August 12, 2013, Ms. Dinar entered into an employment agreement with the Company, pursuant to which, Ms. Dinar (1) will receive monthly compensation, comprising base salary and customary Israeli pension and social benefits, of approximately 45,000 NIS (approximately $14,000), (2) shall be entitled to a monthly automobile and telephone allowance of approximately 13,000 NIS (approximately $3,600); and (3) shall be entitled to receive bonuses and stock options as shall be determined by the board of directors in consultation with the our Chief Executive Officer. Ms. Dinar may be deemed an at-will employee, as this employment agreement is not limited to certain duration. The agreement is terminable by either party by providing the other party with 90 days prior written notice. Upon termination, Ms. Dinar will be entitled to her base salary through the date of termination and to all amounts deposited in her favor in pension funds, including payments made for severance unless such rights are denied as a matter of applicable law. However, if Ms. Dinar is terminated due to her committing a crime bearing moral turpitude or for causing the Company substantial harm resulting from a material breach of her duties to the Company, Ms. Dinar will not be entitled to receive any prior written notice, and severance may be denied. The agreement also contains customary confidentiality, non-competition and non-solicitation provisions.

On November 7, 2012, Ms. Dinar entered into an employment agreement with Micronet whereby she shall devote 80% of her time to Micronet. Ms. Dinar’s monthly base salary is currently NIS 25,600 (approximately $6,400). Ms. Dinar may be deemed to be an at-will employee, since her agreement does not specify a term of employment; however, we may terminate the agreement at any time by providing Ms. Dinar with 90 days prior notice and Ms. Dinar may terminate the agreement at any time by providing us with 90 days prior notice. Upon termination, Ms. Dinar will be entitled to her base salary through the date of termination and to all amounts deposited in her favor in pension funds, including payments made for severance pay unless such rights are denied as a matter of applicable law. However, if Ms. Dinar is terminated due to her committing a crime bearing moral turpitude or causing us substantial harm resulting from a material breach of her duties to us, Ms. Dinar will not be entitled to receive any prior notice, prior notice payment, in lieu thereof in connection with a termination initiated by Micronet, and severance pay may be denied. The agreement also contains customary confidentiality, non-competition and non-solicitation provisions.

On November 17, 2013, Mr. Lustgarten entered into an employment agreement with the Company pursuant to which, Mr. Lustgarten: (1) received a monthly salary reflecting a company cost of 54,000 NIS (approximately $15,300); (2) was entitled to a car and phone monthly allowance of 12,500 NIS (approximately $3,500); (3) was entitled to receive bonuses and options as might have been determined by the board of directors in consultation with the Company’s Chief Executive Officer; and (iv) was entitled to customary Israeli pension funds and social benefits. The Employment Agreement was not limited to a certain duration. The agreement was terminable by either party at any time by providing a 90 days’ prior written notice to the other party. The agreement contained customary confidentiality, non-competition and non-solicitation provisions. On July 1, 2014, the Company and Mr. Lustgarten agreed to terminate his employment with the Company, effective immediately. Mr. Lustgarten was then appointed by the board of directors of Micronet as the Chief Executive Officer of Micronet, effective July 1, 2014.
 
40

 

Outstanding Equity Awards
 
On November 11, 2014, the Company issued 490,000 options to purchase an aggregate of 490,000 shares of common stock , to the Company’s and/or its subsidiaries executives. as follows:

   
Option Awards
Name
 
Number of securities underlying unexercised options (#) exercisable
   
Number of securities underlying unexercised options unexercisable
   
Option exercise price ($)
 
Option expiration date
David Lucatz
    83,333       166,667       4.30  
01/11/2024
Tali Dinar
    26,667       53,333       4.30  
01/11/2024
Shai Lustgarten
    53,333       106,667       4.3  
01/11/2024

Director Compensation
 
Name(1)
   
Fees earned ($)4
   
Option
Awards ($)(2)(3)
   
All Other Compensation ($)5
   
Total ($)
 
Chezy Ofir
2014
  $ 12,000     $ 6,847       2,483     $ 21,330  
Jeffrey P. Bialos
2014
  $ 12,000     $ 6,847       400     $ 19,247  
Jacob Berman
2014
  $ 12,000     $ 6,847       2,992     $ 21,839  
Miki Balin
2014
  $ 12,000     $ 6,847       1,100     $ 19,947  
 
(1)           Mr. Lucatz, who serves as our Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President, is not included in this table because he receives no compensation for his services as a director. The compensation received by Mr. Lucatz is as shown above in the Summary Compensation Table.

(2)           The fair value recognized for such option awards was determined as of the grant date in accordance with Accounting for Stock Compensation (ASC) Topic 718. Assumptions used in the calculations for these amounts are included in Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014 included elsewhere in this Annual Report.

(3)           As of December 31, 2014, each of the directors listed in the table above held options to purchase 10,000 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $4.30 per share, 5,000 of which were granted on April 29, 2013 and 5,000 of which were granted on September 11, 2014. Such options vest within three years following the date of grant.

(4)           During 2014, our directors received compensation for serving on our board in the amount of $54,975. Independent directors received $12,000 plus applicable taxes for each year of service as directors.

(5)            Independent directors receive $250 (or $100 if the director participates via telephone or video conference) for each meeting in excess of three meetings in any month and reimbursement of expenses.

 
41

 

Other than as described above, we have no present formal plan for compensating our directors for their service in their capacity as directors. Directors are entitled to reimbursement for reasonable travel and other out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with attendance at meetings of our board of directors. The board of directors may award special remuneration to any director undertaking any special services on our behalf other than services ordinarily required of a director. Other than indicated above, no director received and/or accrued any compensation for his or her services as a director, including committee participation and/or special assignments during 2014.
 
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
 
The following table sets forth certain information, as of March 30, 2015 with respect to the beneficial ownership of the outstanding common stock held by (1) each person known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our common stock; (2) our current directors; (3) each of our named executive officers; and (4) our executive officers and current director as a group. Unless otherwise indicated, the persons named in the table below have sole voting and investment power with respect to the number of shares indicated as beneficially owned by them. Unless otherwise indicated, the address for each of the below persons is c/o Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc., 27 Hametzuda St., Azur 58001 Israel.

Name
 
Number of Shares Beneficially Owned
   
Percentage of Shares Beneficially Owned(1)
 
5% Stockholders
           
D.L. Capital Ltd.(2)                                                                    
   
2,597,200
     
42.92%
 
UTA Capital LLC(3)
   
726,746
     
12.01%
 
Meidan(4)                                                                   
   
  600,000
     
9.91%
 
Directors and Named Executive Officers
               
David Lucatz(2)(5)                                                                   
   
2,680,533
     
44.29%
 
Tali Dinar(5)
   
26,667
     
0.44%
 
Shai Lustgarten(5)
   
53,333
     
0.88%
 
Chezy Ofir(5)
   
1,667
     
0.03%
 
Jeffrey Bialos(5)
   
1,667
     
0.03%
 
Jacob Berman(5)
   
1,667
     
0.03%
 
Miki Balin(5)
   
1,677
     
0.03%
 
                 
Directors and Executive Officers as a group (7 persons) (6)
   
2,767,201
     
45.73%
 

(1)
Applicable percentage ownership is based on 5,856,246 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of March 30, 2015, together with securities exercisable or convertible into shares of Common Stock within 60 days of March 30, 2015 for each stockholder. Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Shares of Common Stock that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of March 30, 2015 are deemed to be beneficially owned by the person holding such securities for the purpose of computing the percentage of ownership of such person, but are not treated as outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.
 
(2)
Mr. Lucatz, by virtue of being the controlling shareholder of DLC as well as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the board of directors of DLC, may be deemed to beneficially own the 2,597,200 shares of our Common Stock held by DLC.
 
 
42

 
 
(3)
According to information contained in Schedule 13G/A filed jointly on February 18, 2014 with the SEC and a Form 4 filed jointly on November 12, 2014 with the SEC by (1) UTA Capital LLC; (2) the members or beneficial owners of membership interests in UTA, which include (a) YZT Management LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company and the managing member of UTA, and (b) Alleghany Capital Corporation, a Delaware corporation and a member of UTA; (3) Alleghany Corporation, a publicly-traded Delaware corporation of which Alleghany Capital Corporation is a wholly-owned subsidiary; and (iv) Udi Toledano, the managing member of YZT Management LLC. Based on those filings and information subsequently available to us, as of March 30, 2015, UTA held sole voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares. YZT Management LLC, Alleghany Capital Corporation, Alleghany Corporation, and Udi Toledano have shared voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares by virtue of their relationships with UTA. UTA’s principal business address is 100 Executive Drive, Suite 330, West Orange, New Jersey.

(4)
According to information contained in a Schedule 13G/A filed on May 9, 2013 with the SEC. Based on this filing and information subsequently available to us, as of March 30, 2015, Meidan held sole voting and dispositive power with respect to such shares. Meidan's principal business address is 38A Lansell Road, Toorak, Australia VIC 3142.

(5)
Consists of common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options.

(6)
Includes 2,767,201 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options beneficially owned by the referenced persons.
 
Securities Authorized For Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

Plan Category
 
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights
   
Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
   
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))
 
   
(a)
   
(b)
   
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
   
850,000
     
4.30
     
219,000
 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
   
250,000
     
0
     
0
 
Total
   
1,100,000
     
4.30
     
219,000
 
 
Pursuant to our 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended, our board of directors is authorized to award stock options to purchase shares of common stock to our officers, directors, employees and certain others, up to a total of 750,000 shares of Common Stock, subject to adjustment in the event of a stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization or similar capital change. Stockholders will experience dilution in the event that shares of Common Stock are issued pursuant to the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan or any warrants that may be outstanding.

On March 30, 2015 our board of directors amended the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan and increased the number of shares of Common Stock available for issuance thereunder from 750,000 to 1,000,000. This amendment is subject to the approval of our stockholders.

In addition to the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, on July 17, 2014, our board of directors adopted the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan pursuant to which our board of directors is authorized to issue stock options, restricted stock and other awards to officers, directors, employees, consultants and other service providers. The board of directors has reserved 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for issuance pursuant to awards that may be made pursuant to the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan. The 2014 Stock Incentive Plan was approved by the stockholders on September 30, 2014.

 
43

 
 
Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence. 
 
Our policy is to enter into transactions with related parties on terms that are on the whole no less favorable to us than those that would be available from unaffiliated parties at arm’s length. Based on our experience in the business sectors in which we operate and the terms of our transactions with unaffiliated third parties, we believe that all of the transactions described below met this policy standard at the time they occurred.

In November 2012, entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz reached agreements with each of Micronet and the Company, for the provision of management and consulting services to Micronet and the Company, respectively. On November 7, 2012, the board of directors and the Audit Committee of the board of directors of Micronet approved the entry into a management and consulting services agreement with DLC, pursuant to which, effective November 1, 2012 Mr. Lucatz agreed to devote 60% of his time to Micronet matters for the three year term of the agreement and Micronet agreed to pay the entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz management fees of NIS 65,000 (approximately $16,667) on a monthly basis, and cover other monthly expenses. Such agreement was further subject to the approval of Micronet’s stockholders, which was obtained at a special meeting held on January 30, 2013 for that purpose and went into effect following its execution on February 8, 2013. On November 26, 2012, DLC entered into a 36-month management and consulting services agreement with the Company, effective November 1, 2012, which provides that we (via any of our directly or indirectly fully owned subsidiaries) will pay the entities controlled by Mr. Lucatz: (1) management fees of $13,333 on a monthly basis, and cover other monthly expenses, (2) an annual bonus of 3% of the amount by which the annual EBITDA for such year exceeds the average annual EBITDA for 2011 and 2010, and (3) a one-time bonus of 0.5% of the purchase price of any acquisition or capital raising transaction, excluding only a specified 2013 public equity offering, completed by us during the term of the agreement.

Please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for a description of the transactions between the Company and UTA that occurred after UTA became the beneficial owner of more than five percent of our common stock.

Except as described above, no director, executive officer, principal stockholder holding at least 5% of our Common Stock, or any family member thereof, had or will have any material interest, direct or indirect, in any transaction, or proposed transaction, during 2013 or 2014 in which the amount involved in the transaction exceeded or exceeds $120,000.
 
Item 14.   Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

The fees billed by BDO Ziv Haft, our registered public accounting firm, for professional services provided to the Company for each of the last two fiscal years were as follows: 

   
Year
ended on December 31, 2014
   
Year ended on December 31, 2013
 
             
Audit Fees                                                                
  $ 100,000     $ 88,967  
                 
Audit-Related Fees                                                                
  $ 47,420       -  
                 
Tax Fees                                                                
  $ 27,203     $ 25,593  
                 
Total Fees                                                                
  $ 174,623     $ 114,560  
 
 
44

 
Audit Fees

Audit fees are for audit services for each of the years shown in this table, review of our quarterly financial results submitted on Form 10-Q, and performance of local statutory audits.

Audit-Related Fees

Audit-related fees relate to assurance and associated services that traditionally are performed by the independent auditor, including government approval, due diligence services and other services in connection with the Vehicle Business acquisition.

Tax Fees

Tax fees are for professional services rendered by our auditors for tax advice on actual or contemplated transactions and  OCS incentives.
 
Audit Committee Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures

Currently, the audit committee acts with respect to audit policy, choice of auditors, and approval of out of the ordinary financial transactions. The audit committee pre-approves all services provided by our independent registered public accounting firm. All of the above services and fees were reviewed and approved by the audit committee before the services were rendered.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.   Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.
 
1.  Reference is made to the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II appearing on pages F-1 through F-30 hereto, which are incorporated herein by reference.
 
2.  Financial Statement Schedules:
 
None.
 
3.   Exhibit Index.
 
The following is a list of exhibits filed as part of this Annual Report:
  
Number
 
Description of Exhibits
     
2.1
 
Asset Purchase Agreement, dated May 6, 2014 between Micronet Ltd and Beijer Electronics Inc. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 of our Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 12, 2014)
 
3.1
 
Composite Copy of the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as amended to date (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-199752), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 31, 2014)
 
 
45

 
 
3.2
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.5 of Amendment No. 2 to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 18, 2013).
 
10.1
 
Consulting Agreement, dated August 12, 2009, between D.L. Capital Ltd. and Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd. (Incorporated by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2010) +
 
10.2
 
First Amendment to Consulting Agreement, dated as of October 1, 2011, between D.L. Capital and Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd. (Incorporated by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2012) +
 
10.3
 
Management and Consulting Services Agreement, dated November 26, 2012, between D.L. Capital Ltd. and the Registrant (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of Amendment No. 1 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 8, 2013) +
 
10.4
 
Management and Consulting Services Agreement, dated February 8, 2013, between Micronet Ltd. and D.L. Consulting Group (1998) Ltd. (English Translation) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of Amendment No. 1 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 8, 2013) +
 
10.5
 
Amended and Restated Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement, dated as of September 7, 2012, by and between the Registrant and UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 19, 2012)
 
10.6
 
Letter Agreement, dated November 6, 2012, by and between the Registrant and UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 of Amendment No. 1 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 8, 2013)
 
10.7
 
First Amendment to the Amended and Restated Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement, dated as of January 28, 2013, by and between the Registrant and UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 1, 2013)
 
10.8
 
Secured Promissory Note, dated September 1, 2011, issued to UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2011)
 
10.9
 
Secured Promissory Note, dated September 7, 2012, issued to UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2012, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 19, 2012)
 
10.10
 
Company Pledge and Security Agreement, dated as of September 1, 2011, by and between the Registrant and UTA Capital LLC (Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2011)
 
10.11
 
2012 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended to date (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 of the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-199752) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 31, 2014)+
 
10.12
 
2014 Stock Incentive Plan (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit “C” to our Proxy Statement (File No. 001-35850), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 26, 2014)+
 
10.13
 
Form of Stock Option Agreement (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2014, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 6, 2014
 
10.14
 
Agreement, dated August 31, 2012, by and among Yehezkel Kaplan, Eli Nachum, Yoav Ben-Zvi and D.L. Capital Ltd. (English translation) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.14 of our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 14, 2012)
 
 
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10.15
 
Special Personal Employment Agreement, dated November 7, 2012, between Micronet Ltd. and Tali Dinar (English Translation) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.18 of Amendment No. 2 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 18, 2013) +
 
10.16
 
Personal Employment Agreement, dated October 1, 2011, between Tali Dinar and Enertec Electronics Ltd. (English Translation) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.19 of Amendment No. 2 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 18, 2013) +
 
10.17
 
Summary of material terms of a December 17, 2012 bank loan to Enertec Electronics Ltd. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 of Amendment No. 2 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 18, 2013)
 
10.18
 
Shareholder Agreement, dated March 17, 2013, between Enertec Electronics Ltd. and Shlomo Shalev (English Translation) (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 of Amendment No. 2 to our registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 18, 2013)
 
10.19
 
Summary of Loan Undertaking, dated May 29, 2014, by and between Micronet Ltd. and First International Bank of Israel. (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.18 of our Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-185470), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 12, 2014)
 
21.1
 
List of Subsidiaries (Incorporated by reference to our Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 19, 2014)
 
23.1*
 
Consent of Ziv Haft, BDO member firm
 
31.1*
 
Certification by Chief Executive Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act
 
31.2*
 
Certification by Chief Financial Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act
 
32.1**
 
Certification by Chief Executive Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code
 
32.2**
 
Certification by Chief Financial Officer, required by Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Exchange Act and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code
 
101
 
The following materials from the Registrant, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2014, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income for Years Ended December 31, 2013 and 2014, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for Years Ended December 31, 2013 and 2014, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith
+ Indicates management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
 
 
47

 

SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
       
Date: March 31, 2015
By:
/s/ David Lucatz
 
    Name:  David Lucatz  
    Title:    Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer  
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature
  Title   Date
         
/s/ David Lucatz  
  Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal Executive Officer)   March 31, 2015
David Lucatz
       
         
/s/ Tali Dinar     Secretary and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)   March 31, 2015
Tali Dinar
       
         
/s/ Jeffrey P. Bialos
 
Director
 
March 31, 2015
Jeffrey P. Bialos
       
         
/s/ Jacob Berman
 
Director
 
March 31, 2015
Jacob Berman
       
         
/s/ Miki Balin
 
Director
 
March 31, 2015
Miki Balin
       
         
/s/ Chezy Ofir
 
Director
 
March 31, 2015
Chezy Ofir
       
 
 
48

 
 
 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES INC.
 
2014 CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
F-2
F-3
F-5
F-6
F-7
F-8
F-11
 
The amounts are stated in U.S. dollars ($).
 
 
 

 
 
 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To The Board of Directors and Stockholders of Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc.
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”) and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the years then ended. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the two years period ended December 31, 2014, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Tel Aviv, Israel
March 30, 2015

 
/s/ Ziv Haft
Ziv Haft
Certified Public Accountants (Isr.)
BDO Member Firm

 
F - 2

 
 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, except Share and Par Value data)

   
December 31,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
ASSETS
           
        Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
 8,592
   
$
 12,825
 
Marketable securities
   
 6,406
     
 6,969
 
Trade account receivables, net
   
 14,152
     
 13,467
 
Inventories
   
 6,658
     
 4,324
 
Derivative asset - call options
   
 -
     
 460
 
Other accounts receivable
   
 1,249
     
 1,165
 
Total current assets
   
 37,057
     
39,210
 
                 
Property and equipment, net
   
1,948
     
2,440
 
Intangible assets and others, net
   
4,416
     
1,076
 
Long term deposit
   
46
     
103
 
 Goodwill
   
1,466
     
-
 
 Total long term assets
   
7,876
     
3,619
 
                 
Total assets
 
$
44,933
   
$
42,829
 

 
F - 3

 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, except Share and Par Value data)

   
December 31,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
           
             
Short term bank credit and current portion of long term bank loans
 
$
 9,416
   
$
 5,058
 
Current portion of long term notes
   
 1,000
     
 -
 
Trade accounts payable
   
 7,588
     
4,361
 
Other accounts payable
   
 2,619
     
3,355
 
Total current liabilities
   
20,623
     
12,774
 
                 
Long term loans from banks
   
3,919
     
3,130
 
Long term notes, net of discount
   
-
     
933
 
Finance lease
   
56
     
109
 
Accrued severance pay, net
   
29
     
172
 
Deferred tax liabilities, net
   
57
     
113
 
Total long term liabilities
   
4,061
     
4,457
 
                 
Stockholders’ Equity:
               
Preferred stock; $.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding
               
Common stock; $.001 par value, 25,000,000 shares authorized, 5,856,246 and 5,831,246 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
   
6
     
 6
 
Additional paid in capital
   
7,505
     
 8,053
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
 325
     
 1,389
 
Retained earnings
   
6,284
     
 8,423
 
Micronet Enertec stockholders' equity
   
14,120
     
17,871
 
                 
Non-controlling interests
   
6,129
     
7,727
 
                 
Total equity
   
20,249
     
25,598
 
                 
Total Liabilities and equity
 
$
44,933
   
$
42,829
 

 
F - 4

 
 
 MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In Thousands, Except Share and Earnings Per Share data)

   
Year ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
             
Revenues
  $ 34,238     $ 35,571  
Cost of revenues
    24,180       22,298  
Gross profit
    10,058       13,273  
Operating expenses:
               
Research and development
    2,807       2,675  
Selling and marketing
    1,947       1,170  
General and administrative
    6,290       4,179  
Amortization of intangible assets
    850       657  
Total operating expenses
    11,894       8,681  
Income (loss) from operations
    (1,836 )     4,592  
                 
Finance expense, net
    (296 )     (2,293 )
Other expense
    -       (2 )
Income  (loss) before provision for income taxes
    (2,132 )     2,297  
Provision for income taxes
    242       496  
Net income (loss)
    (2,374 )     1,801  
Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests
    235       (2,296 )
Net loss attributable to Micronet Enertec
  $ (2,139 )   $ (495 )
(*) Loss per share attributable to Micronet Enertec:
               
Basic
  $ (0.37 )   $ (0.097 )
Diluted
  $ (0.37 )   $ (0.097
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
               
Basic
    5,834,371       5,089,122  
Diluted
    5,834,371       5,089,122  

 
F - 5

 

MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In Thousands)
 
   
Year ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(2,374
 
$
1,801
 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
               
Currency translation adjustment
   
(1,086
   
1,742
 
                 
Total comprehensive income (loss)
   
(3,460
   
3,543
 
                 
Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to the non-controlling interests
   
825
     
(2,882
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Micronet Enertec
 
$
(2,635
 
$
661
 

 
F - 6

 
 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
 (In Thousands, Except Numbers of Shares)

   
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Retained
   
Accumulated Other Comprehensive
   
Non-controlling
   
Total Stockholders’
 
   
Shares(*)
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Earnings
   
Income
   
Interest
   
Equity
 
Balance, January 1, 2013
    3,241,500     $ 3     $ 957     $ 8,918     $ 233     $ 6,757     $ 16,868  
Issuance of shares and warrants, net
    1,863,000       2       7,401       -       -       -       7,403  
Stock based compensation
    -       -       19       -       -       -       19  
Exercise of warrants to acquire common stock
    726,746       1       475       -       -       -       476  
Dividend paid to non-controlling interest
    -       -       -       -       -       (1,481 )     (1,481 )
Comprehensive  income
    -       -       -       (495 )     1,156       2,882       3,543  
Acquisition of non-controlling interest
    -       -       (799 )     -       -       (431 )     (1,230 )
Balance, December 31, 2013
    5,831,246     $ 6     $ 8,053     $ 8,423     $ 1,389     $ 7,727     $ 25,598  
Shares issued to service provider
    25,000       -       94       -       -       -       94  
Stock based compensation
    -       -       308       -       -       -       308  
Comprehensive  loss
    -       -       -       (2,139 )     (1,064 )     *(825 )     (4,028 )
Acquisition of non-controlling interest
    -       -       (950 )     -       -       (773 )     (1,723 )
Balance, December 31, 2014
    5,856,246     $ 6     $ 7,505     $ 6,284     $ 325     $ 6,129     $ 20,249  

*Includes $235 of net loss and $590 of other comprehensive income.

 
F - 7

 
 
 MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)
 
   
Year ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net income (loss)
 
$
(2,374
 
$
1,801
 
                 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
1,377
     
984
 
Marketable securities
   
883
     
(439
Change in fair value of derivatives, net
   
297
     
170
 
Change in deferred  taxes, net
   
(191
   
(208)
 
Accrued interests on bank  loans
   
72
     
328
 
Amortization of discount and change in value of long term convertible debenture, net
   
67
     
1,641
 
Stock based compensation
   
402
     
19
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities (net of impact of acquisition):
               
Increase in trade account receivables
   
(1,643
   
(2,769
Decrease (increase) in inventories
   
(1,874
   
3,853
 
Decrease  in accrued severance pay, net
   
(143
   
(966
Decrease (increase) in other account receivables
   
106
     
(378
Increase (decrease)  in trade account payables
   
2,528
     
(340
Decrease in other account payables
   
(835
   
(118
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
 
$
(1,328
 
$
3,578
 

 
F - 8

 
 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)

   
Year ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
           
Purchase of property and equipment
    (230 )     (336 )
Marketable securities
    (320 )     (3,346 )
Acquisition of a business (Appendix A)
    (7,105 )     -  
Net cash used in investing activities
  $ (7,655 )   $ (3,682
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Short term bank credit
    3,713       113  
Issuance of share and warrants, net
    -       8,669  
Receipt of long-term loan
    5,571       1,296  
Repayment of convertible note
    -       (773 )
Repayment of  long-term banks loan
    (2,454 )     ( 2,179 )
Acquisition of non-controlling interest
    (646 )     (675 )
Exercise of call option over non-controlling interest
    (925 )     (310 )
Dividend paid to non-controlling interest
    -       (1,481
Repayment of long-term notes
    -       (2,500 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
  $ 5,259     $ 2,160  
                 
NET CASH INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (3,724 )     2,056  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
    12,825       10,611  
TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENT OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (509 )     158  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
  $ 8,592     $ 12,825  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
               
Amount paid during the period for:
               
                 
Interest
  $ 226     $ 311  
Taxes
  $ 119     $ 1,354  

 
F - 9

 


MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)
Appendix A
 
Acquisition of a business, net of cash acquired:
 
Inventory
 
$
(1,360
Property and equipment
   
(47
)
Intangible assets
   
(4,232
Goodwill
   
(1,466
 Total
 
$
(7,105

Acquisition of newly-consolidated subsidiary, net of cash acquired:
 
APPENDIX B –NON-CASH ACTIVITIES:
 
   
Year ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Issuance costs paid in advance
 
$
-
   
$
1,269
 
Exercise of call option over non-controlling interest
 
$
152
   
$
242
 

 
F - 10

 
MICRONET ENERTEC TECHNOLOGIES, INC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands)

NOTE 1 — DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
 
Overview

A. Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc., a U.S. based Delaware Corporation was formed in Delaware on January 31, 2002. On March 14, 2013 we changed our corporate name from Lapis Technologies, Inc. to Micronet Enertec Technologies, Inc. (“we,” “Micronet Enertec” or “the Company”).

We operate through two Israel-based companies, Enertec Systems 2001 Ltd (“Enertec”), our wholly-owned subsidiary, and Micronet Ltd (“Micronet”), in which we held 62.5% as of December 31, 2014 and is controlled by us.

Micronet is a publicly traded company on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and operates in the growing commercial Mobile Resource Management (“MRM”) market. Micronet through both its Israeli and U.S. operational offices designs, develops, manufactures and sells rugged mobile computing devices that provide fleet operators and field workforces with computing solutions in challenging work environments. Micronet’s vehicle cabin installed and portable tablets increase workforce productivity and enhance corporate efficiency by offering computing power and communication capabilities that provide fleet operators with visibility into vehicle location, fuel usage, speed and mileage. Micronet’s customers consist primarily of application service providers (“ASPs”), and solution providers specializing in the MRM market.

Enertec operates in the Defense and Aerospace markets and designs, develops, manufactures and supplies various customized military computer-based systems, simulators, automatic test equipment and electronic instruments. Enertec’s solutions and systems are designed according to major aerospace integrators’ requirements and are integrated by them into critical systems such as command and control, missile fire control, maintenance of military aircraft and missiles for use by the Israeli Air Force and Navy and by foreign defense entities.

B. Micronet Acquisition of Beijer U.S. Vehicle Operations

On June 2, 2014, the Company, through Micronet, completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities (the “Transaction”), of Beijer Electronics Inc’s. (the “Seller”) U.S. vehicle business and operations related to the supply of panels to various transportation sectors (the “Vehicle Business”). The total purchase price of the Transaction was $7,105. The Vehicle Business results of operations were included in our consolidated reports commencing on the closing date. Upon the closing of the Transaction, Micronet incorporated a wholly-owned U.S.-based subsidiary in the state of Utah under the name Micronet Inc., through which the purchased business is conducted.

The Transaction was financed through, among other funds, a loan granted to Micronet pursuant to a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”), entered between Micronet and the First International Bank of Israel (the “Bank” and the “Loan”, respectively). Under the Loan Agreement, the Bank loaned Micronet $4,850 for the financing of the Transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the Loan Agreement, $2,425 of the Loan bears interest at a quarterly adjustable rate of Prime plus 1.5 percent (3.75% percent as of the date of the Loan), (the “Long Term Portion”). The Long Term Portion plus interest is due and payable in twelve equal consecutive quarterly installments beginning on August 29, 2014. The balance of the loan in the amount of $2,425 bears interest at a variable rate adjustable rate of Prime plus 1.2 percent (3.45% percent as of the date of the Loan) (the “Short Term Portion”). The Short Term Portion is due and payable within one year from the date of the Loan, subject to renewal, and the interest on the Short Term Portion is due and payable every quarter beginning on August 29, 2014. The Loan is secured mainly by a floating charge against Micronet's assets and a mortgage on a building owned by Micronet. The Loan is subject to customary covenants, terms, conditions, events of default and certain pre-payment provisions.

 
F - 11

 


NOTE 1 — DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS - (continued)

B. Micronet Acquisition of Beijer US Vehicle Operations- (continued)

The purchase consideration was allocated to tangible assets and intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair values using a purchase price allocation made by an independent third party appraisal. The fair value assigned to identifiable intangible assets acquired has been determined by using valuation methods that discount expected future cash flows to present value using estimates and assumptions determined by management. The Company determined that the fair values of assets acquired exceeded the purchase price by approximately $1,466, which is recognized as goodwill. Upon the purchase price allocation, an amount of $1,680 was allocated to technology to be amortized over a 5-year period, and an amount of $2,552 was allocated to estimated fair value of the customer relations intangible asset to be amortized over a 5-year period. The table below summarizes the estimates of the fair value of assets acquired at the purchase date.
 
Inventories
  $ 1,360  
Property and equipment
    47  
Identifiable intangible assets:
       
Customer relations
    2,552  
Core technology
    1,680  
Goodwill
    1,466  
Total assets acquired
  $ 7,105  
 
The contribution of the Vehicle Business results to our consolidated income and net income was $11,188 and $1,413, respectively, for the seven months ended December 31, 2014. The transaction costs amounted to $369 and were charged to general and administrative expenses.
 
The unaudited pro forma financial information in the table below summarizes the combined results of our operations and those of the Vehicle Business for the periods shown as though the Transaction occurred as of the beginning of fiscal year 2013. The pro forma financial information for the periods presented includes the business combination accounting effects of the Transaction, including amortization charges from acquired intangible assets. The pro forma financial information presented below is for informational purposes only, is subject to a number of estimates, assumptions and other uncertainties, and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the Transaction had taken place at January 1, 2013. The unaudited pro forma financial information is as follows:
 
   
Year Ended December 31,
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
  
 
2014
   
2013
 
Total revenues
  $ 38,626     $ 46,303  
Net loss
  $ (2,189 )   $ (641 )

 
F - 12

 
 
NOTE 1 — DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS - (continued)

C.  Micronet Acquisition

On September 7, 2012, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary and holding company, Enertec Electronics Ltd, an Israeli corporation (“Enertec Electronics”), acquired from three Israeli individuals who collectively were the former controlling shareholders of Micronet (the “Sellers”), 47.5% of the issued and outstanding shares of Micronet (the “Acquisition”), pursuant to a Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”).  As described below, pursuant to partial exercise of certain options granted to us under the Agreement and additional purchases of shares from former officers of Micronet, we currently own approximately 62.5% of the outstanding ordinary shares of Micronet. The Agreement also includes two call options granted to the Company (via Enertec Electronics) and a put option granted to Sellers.

On November 14, 2012 and on May 28, 2013, the Company, via Enertec Electronics, exer